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- Mathematics: Geometry

# Oklahoma - Mathematics: Geometry

## Academic Standards | Adopted: 2022

### G.RL: : Geometry: Reasoning & Logic

G.RL.1: : Use appropriate tools and logic, including algebraic methods, to evaluate mathematical arguments.

G.RL.1.1: : Use undefined terms, definitions, postulates, and theorems in logical arguments/proofs.

Biconditional Statements

Make a biconditional statement from a given definition using word tiles. Use both symbolic form and standard English form. 5 Minute Preview

Conditional Statements

Make a conditional statement from a given fact using word tiles. Use both symbolic form and standard English form. 5 Minute Preview

Investigating Angle Theorems

Explore the properties of complementary, supplementary, vertical, and adjacent angles using a dynamic figure. 5 Minute Preview

Proving Triangles Congruent

Apply constraints to two triangles. Then drag the vertices of the triangles around and determine which constraints guarantee congruence. 5 Minute Preview

G.RL.1.2: : Analyze and draw conclusions based on a set of conditions using inductive and deductive reasoning. Recognize the logical relationships between a conditional statement and its inverse, converse, and contrapositive.

Biconditional Statements

Make a biconditional statement from a given definition using word tiles. Use both symbolic form and standard English form. 5 Minute Preview

Conditional Statements

Make a conditional statement from a given fact using word tiles. Use both symbolic form and standard English form. 5 Minute Preview

G.RL.1.3: : Assess the validity of a logical argument and give counterexamples to disprove a statement.

Conditional Statements

Make a conditional statement from a given fact using word tiles. Use both symbolic form and standard English form. 5 Minute Preview

### G.2D: : Geometry: Two-Dimensional Shapes

G.2D.1: : Discover, evaluate, and analyze the relationships between lines, angles, and polygons to solve real-world and mathematical problems; express proofs in a form that clearly justifies the reasoning (e.g., two-column proofs, paragraph proofs, flowcharts).

G.2D.1.1: : Use properties of parallel lines cut by a transversal to determine angle relationships and solve problems.

Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

Construct parallel and perpendicular lines using a straightedge and compass. Use step-by-step explanations and feedback to develop understanding of the construction. 5 Minute Preview

Parallelogram Conditions

Apply constraints to a dynamic quadrilateral. Then drag its vertices around. Determine which constraints guarantee that the quadrilateral is always a parallelogram. 5 Minute Preview

Triangle Angle Sum

Measure the interior angles of a triangle and find the sum. Examine whether that sum is the same for all triangles. Also, discover how the measure of an exterior angle relates to the interior angle measures. 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.2: : Use the angle relationships formed by lines cut by a transversal to determine if the lines are parallel and verify, using algebraic and deductive proofs.

Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

Construct parallel and perpendicular lines using a straightedge and compass. Use step-by-step explanations and feedback to develop understanding of the construction. 5 Minute Preview

Parallelogram Conditions

Apply constraints to a dynamic quadrilateral. Then drag its vertices around. Determine which constraints guarantee that the quadrilateral is always a parallelogram. 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.3: : Apply the properties of angles (corresponding, exterior, interior, vertical, complementary, supplementary) to solve problems using mathematical models, algebraic reasoning, and proofs.

Constructing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

Construct parallel and perpendicular lines using a straightedge and compass. Use step-by-step explanations and feedback to develop understanding of the construction. 5 Minute Preview

Investigating Angle Theorems

Explore the properties of complementary, supplementary, vertical, and adjacent angles using a dynamic figure. 5 Minute Preview

Parallelogram Conditions

Apply constraints to a dynamic quadrilateral. Then drag its vertices around. Determine which constraints guarantee that the quadrilateral is always a parallelogram. 5 Minute Preview

Triangle Angle Sum

Measure the interior angles of a triangle and find the sum. Examine whether that sum is the same for all triangles. Also, discover how the measure of an exterior angle relates to the interior angle measures. 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.4: : Apply theorems involving the interior and exterior angle sums of polygons to solve problems using mathematical models, algebraic reasoning, and proofs.

Polygon Angle Sum

Derive the sum of the angles of a polygon by dividing the polygon into triangles and summing their angles. Vary the number of sides and determine how the sum of the angles changes. Dilate the polygon to see that the sum is unchanged. 5 Minute Preview

Triangle Angle Sum

Measure the interior angles of a triangle and find the sum. Examine whether that sum is the same for all triangles. Also, discover how the measure of an exterior angle relates to the interior angle measures. 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.5: : Apply the properties of special quadrilaterals (square, rectangle, trapezoid, isosceles trapezoid, rhombus, kite, parallelogram) to solve problems involving angle measures and segment lengths using mathematical models, algebraic reasoning, and proofs.

Classifying Quadrilaterals

Apply constraints to a quadrilateral, and then reshape and resize it. Classify the figure by its constraints. Explore the differences between the different kinds of quadrilaterals. 5 Minute Preview

Parallelogram Conditions

Special Parallelograms

Apply constraints to a parallelogram and experiment with the resulting figure. What type of shape can you be sure that you have under each condition? 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.6: : Use coordinate geometry and algebraic reasoning to represent and analyze line segments and polygons, including determining lengths, midpoints, and slopes of line segments.

Distance Formula

Explore the distance formula as an application of the Pythagorean theorem. Learn to see any two points as the endpoints of the hypotenuse of a right triangle. Drag those points and examine changes to the triangle and the distance calculation. 5 Minute Preview

Slope

Explore the slope of a line, and learn how to calculate slope. Adjust the line by moving points that are on the line, and see how its slope changes. 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.7: : Apply the properties of polygons, and use them to represent and apply mathematical models involving perimeter and area (e.g., triangles, special quadrilaterals, regular polygons up to 12 sides, composite figures).

Area of Parallelograms

Examine and manipulate a parallelogram and find its area. Explore the relationship between the area of a parallelogram and the area of a rectangle using an animation. 5 Minute Preview

Area of Triangles

Use a dynamic triangle to explore the area of a triangle. With the help of an animation, see that any triangle is always half of a parallelogram (with the same base and height). Likewise, a similar animation shows the connection between parallelograms and rectangles. 5 Minute Preview

Perimeter and Area of Rectangles

Discover how to find the perimeter and area of a rectangle, and of a square (which is really just a special case of a rectangle). 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.8: : Apply the properties of congruent or similar polygons to solve problems using mathematical models and algebraic and logical reasoning.

Congruence in Right Triangles

Apply constraints to two right triangles. Then drag their vertices around under those conditions. Determine under what conditions the triangles are guaranteed to be congruent. 5 Minute Preview

Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures

Manipulate two similar figures and vary the scale factor to see what changes are possible under similarity. Explore how the perimeters and areas of two similar figures compare. 5 Minute Preview

Proving Triangles Congruent

Apply constraints to two triangles. Then drag the vertices of the triangles around and determine which constraints guarantee congruence. 5 Minute Preview

Similar Figures

Vary the scale factor and rotation of an image and compare it to the preimage. Determine how the angle measures and side lengths of the two figures are related. 5 Minute Preview

Similarity in Right Triangles

Divide a right triangle at the altitude to the hypotenuse to get two similar right triangles. Explore the relationship between the two triangles. 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.9: : Construct logical arguments to prove triangle congruence (SSS, SAS, ASA, AAS and HL).

Congruence in Right Triangles

Apply constraints to two right triangles. Then drag their vertices around under those conditions. Determine under what conditions the triangles are guaranteed to be congruent. 5 Minute Preview

Proving Triangles Congruent

Apply constraints to two triangles. Then drag the vertices of the triangles around and determine which constraints guarantee congruence. 5 Minute Preview

G.2D.1.10: : Construct logical arguments to prove triangle similarity (AA, SSS, SAS).

Proving Triangles Congruent

G.2D.1.11: : Use numeric, graphic, and algebraic representations of transformations in two dimensions (e.g., reflections, translations, dilations, rotations about the origin by multiples of 90°) to solve problems involving figures on a coordinate plane and identify types of symmetry.

Dilations

Dilate a figure and investigate its resized image. See how scaling a figure affects the coordinates of its vertices, both in

Rotations, Reflections, and Translations

Rotate, reflect, and translate a figure in the plane. Compare the translated figure to the original figure. 5 Minute Preview

Translations

Translate a figure horizontally and vertically in the plane and examine the matrix representation of the translation. 5 Minute Preview

### G.3D: : Geometry: Three-Dimensional Shapes

G.3D.1: : Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving three-dimensional figures.

G.3D.1.1: : Represent, use, and apply mathematical models and other tools (e.g., nets, measuring devices, formulas) to solve problems involving surface area and volume of three-dimensional figures (prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, spheres, composites of these figures).

Prisms and Cylinders

Vary the height and base-edge or radius length of a prism or cylinder and examine how its three-dimensional representation changes. Determine the area of the base and the volume of the solid. Compare the volume of an oblique prism or cylinder to the volume of a right prism or cylinder. 5 Minute Preview

Pyramids and Cones

Vary the height and base-edge or radius length of a pyramid or cone and examine how its three-dimensional representation changes. Determine the area of the base and the volume of the solid. Compare the volume of a skew pyramid or cone to the volume of a right pyramid or cone. 5 Minute Preview

Surface and Lateral Areas of Prisms and Cylinders

Vary the dimensions of a prism or cylinder and investigate how the surface area changes. Use the dynamic net of the solid to compute the lateral area and the surface area of the solid. 5 Minute Preview

Surface and Lateral Areas of Pyramids and Cones

Vary the dimensions of a pyramid or cone and investigate how the surface area changes. Use the dynamic net of the solid to compute the lateral area and the surface area of the solid. 5 Minute Preview

### G.C: : Geometry: Circles

G.C.1: : Solve real-world and mathematical problems using the properties of circles.

G.C.1.1: : Apply the properties of circles to solve problems involving circumference and area, using approximate values and in terms of pi, using algebraic and logical reasoning.

Circumference and Area of Circles

Resize a circle and compare its radius, circumference, and area. 5 Minute Preview

G.C.1.2: : Use the distance and midpoint formula, where appropriate, to recognize and write the radius r, center (h, k), and standard form of the equation of a circle (x – h)² + (y – k)² = r² with and without graphs.

Circles

Compare the graph of a circle with its equation. Vary the terms in the equation and explore how the circle is translated and scaled in response. 5 Minute Preview

G.C.1.3: : Apply the properties of circles and relationships among angles; arcs; and distances in a circle among radii, chords, secants, and tangents to solve problems using algebraic and logical reasoning.

Chords and Arcs

Explore the relationship between a central angle and the arcs it intercepts. Also explore the relationship between chords and their distance from the circle's center. 5 Minute Preview

Inscribed Angles

Resize angles inscribed in a circle. Investigate the relationship between inscribed angles and the arcs they intercept. 5 Minute Preview

### G.RT: : Geometry: Right Triangle Trigonometry

G.RT.1: : Apply mathematical relationships of right triangles and trigonometric ratios to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

G.RT.1.1: : Apply the distance formula, the Pythagorean theorem, and the Pythagorean theorem converse (approximate and exact values, including Pythagorean triples) to solve problems, using algebraic and logical reasoning and mathematical models.

Distance Formula

Explore the distance formula as an application of the Pythagorean theorem. Learn to see any two points as the endpoints of the hypotenuse of a right triangle. Drag those points and examine changes to the triangle and the distance calculation. 5 Minute Preview

Pythagorean Theorem

Explore the Pythagorean Theorem using a dynamic right triangle. Examine a visual, geometric application of the Pythagorean Theorem, using the areas of squares on the sides of the triangle. 5 Minute Preview

Pythagorean Theorem with a Geoboard

Build right triangles in an interactive geoboard and build squares on the sides of the triangles to discover the Pythagorean Theorem. 5 Minute Preview

G.RT.1.2: : Verify and apply properties of right triangles, including properties of 45-45-90 and 30-60-90 triangles, to solve problems using algebraic and logical reasoning.

Cosine Function

Compare the graph of the cosine function with the graph of the angle on the unit circle. Drag a point along the cosine curve and see the corresponding angle on the unit circle. 5 Minute Preview

Sine Function

Compare the graph of the sine function with the graph of the angle on the unit circle. Drag a point along the sine curve and see the corresponding angle on the unit circle. 5 Minute Preview

Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios

Reshape and resize a right triangle and examine how the sine of angle A, the cosine of angle A, and the tangent of angle A change. 5 Minute Preview

Tangent Function

Compare the graph of the tangent function with the graph of the angle on the unit circle. Drag a point along the tangent curve and see the corresponding angle on the unit circle. 5 Minute Preview

G.RT.1.3: : Use the definition of the trigonometric functions to determine the sine, cosine, and tangent ratio of an acute angle in a right triangle. Apply the inverse trigonometric functions to find the measure of an acute angle in right triangles.

Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios

Reshape and resize a right triangle and examine how the sine of angle A, the cosine of angle A, and the tangent of angle A change. 5 Minute Preview

G.RT.1.4: : Apply the trigonometric functions as ratios (sine, cosine, tangent) to find side lengths in right triangles in mathematical models, including the coordinate plane.

Sine, Cosine, and Tangent Ratios

Reshape and resize a right triangle and examine how the sine of angle A, the cosine of angle A, and the tangent of angle A change. 5 Minute Preview

Correlation last revised: 9/30/2022

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