Voluntary State Curriculum
2.A.2: Cite and describe the processes that cause rapid or slow changes in Earth?s surface.
2.A.2.c: Cite examples that demonstrate how the natural agents of wind , water, and ice produce slow changes on the Earth?s surface such as carving out deep canyons and building up sand dunes.
2.A.3: Explain how rock is formed from combinations of different minerals and that smaller rocks come from the breakage and weathering of bedrock (solid rock underlying soil components) and larger rocks; soil is made partly from weathered rock, partly from plant remains?and also contains many living organisms.
2.A.3.a: Observe and classify a collection of minerals based on their physical properties.
2.D.1: Identify and compare properties, location, and movement of celestial objects in our solar system.
2.D.1.b: Identify the properties of the planet Earth that make it possible for the survival of life as we know it.
2.D.1.c: Compare the properties of at least one other planet in our solar system to those of Earth to determine if it could support life, as we know it.
2.D.2: Recognize and describe the causes of the repeating patterns of celestial events.
2.D.2.a: Describe the rotation of the planet Earth on its axis.
2.D.2.b: Recognize and describe that the rotation of planet Earth produces observable effects
2.D.2.b.1: The day and night cycle.
2.D.2.b.2: The apparent movement of the sun, moon, planets, and stars
2.D.2.d: Recognize and describe that the revolution of the planet Earth produces effects.
2.D.2.d.2: Length of year
2.E.1: Recognize and describe that the amount of water on Earth continues to stay the same even though it may change from one form to another.
2.E.1.b: Explain that the sun is the main source of energy that causes the changes in the water on Earth.
2.E.1.c: Describe the relationship between the amount of energy from the sun and the quantity of water that is changed.
2.E.1.d: Describe the processes that maintain a continuous water cycle.
3.E.1: Recognize that some source of energy is needed for all organisms to grow and survive.
3.E.1.a: Identify the sun as the primary source of energy for all living organisms.
3.E.1.a.1: Plants use sunlight to make food
3.E.1.c: Provide examples that justify the statement ?Most animals? food can be traced back to plants.?
4.C.1: Provide evidence from investigations to identify the processes that can be used to change materials from one state of matter to another.
4.C.1.a: Observe and describe the changes heating and cooling cause to the different states in which water exists.
4.C.1.a.1: Heating causes: ice (solid) to melt forming liquid water; liquid water to evaporate forming water vapor (gas).
4.C.1.a.2: Cooling causes: liquid water to freeze forming ice (solid); water vapor (gas) to form liquid water.
5.A.1: Describe the motion of objects using distance traveled, time, direction, and speed.
5.A.1.a: Observe, describe, and compare types of motion.
5.A.1.a.1: Uniform motion as equal distances traveled in equal times, such as escalators, conveyor belts.
5.A.1.a.2: Variable motion as different distances traveled in equal times, such as an accelerating car, falling objects.
5.A.1.b: Use measurements to describe the distance traveled as the change in position.
5.A.1.c: Based on data describe speed as the distance traveled per unit of time.
5.A.2: Explain that the changes in the motion of objects are determined by the mass of an object and the amount (size) of the force applied to it.
5.A.2.a: Observe and give examples that show changes in speed or direction of motion are caused by an interaction of forces acting on an object:
5.A.2.b: Observe and explain the changes in selected motion patterns using the relationship between force and mass.
5.A.4: Cite evidence that energy in various forms exists in mechanical systems.
5.A.4.c: Observe and cite examples showing that stored energy may be converted to energy of motion and vice versa.
5.D.3: Provide evidence to show that light travels in a straight line until it is reflected or refracted.
5.D.3.c: Observe and describe that a ray of light changes direction when it crosses the boundary between two materials such as air and water or air to glass.
5.D.4: Recognize and describe how light interacts with different materials.
5.D.4.b: Explain that shadows are formed when objects block light.
5.D.4.c: Observe and describe that prisms separate white light into its component colors.
6.A.1: Recognize and explain how renewable and nonrenewable natural resources are used by humans in Maryland to meet basic needs.
6.A.1.a: Identify and compare Maryland?s renewable resources and nonrenewable resources.
6.A.1.b: Describe how humans use renewable natural resources, such as plants, soil, water, animals.
6.B.2: Recognize and describe that consequences may occur when Earth?s natural resources are used.
6.B.2.b: Explain how human activities may have a negative consequence on the natural environment.
6.B.2.b.1: Damage or destruction done to habitats
6.B.2.b.2: Air, water, and land pollution
Correlation last revised: 1/19/2015