12: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.

12.4.01: Distinguish between living and non-living things.

Pond Ecosystem

12.4.04: Identify the basic needs of living things: animals need air, water, food, and shelter; plants need air, water, nutrients, and light.

Growing Plants
Pond Ecosystem

12.4.05: Understand the functions of component parts of living things.

Flower Pollination

12.4.06: Understand that some characteristics of living things are inherited from parents, such as the color of a flower in a plant, or the number of limbs on an animal. Understand that other features, however, are acquired by an organism through interactions with its environment (or learned) and cannot be passed down to the next generation merely through reproduction.


12.4.07: Understand the concept of food chains and food webs and the related classifications of plants or animals (e.g., producers, decomposers, consumers, herbivores, carnivores).

Forest Ecosystem

12.4.09: Understand that each plant or animal has different structures that serve different functions in its growth, survival, and reproduction. Understand the concept of animal camouflage and how it relates to the survival of living things.

Flower Pollination

12.4.11: Understand that an ecosystem is made of living and nonliving things.

Pond Ecosystem

12.4.14: Understand that matter is usually found in 3 states: liquid, solid, and gas and be able to identify the properties of each. Understand that water can be found in all three forms.

Phases of Water

12.4.16: Understand that some substances will dissolve in water and some will not. Understand the property of density.


12.4.17: Understand that a magnet attracts iron, but not plastic, paper, and other nonmetals; nor does it attract all metals (since it does not attract copper or aluminum). Identify conductors and insulators.

Circuit Builder

12.4.19: Understand that objects of like charge repel each other and that objects of opposite charge attract each other.

Charge Launcher

12.4.20: Understand that electrical energy can be converted to other types of energy such as heat, light, or mechanical energy.

Energy Conversions

12.4.21: Understand that besides static electricity, there is also such a thing as current electricity. For example, given a battery, bulb, and wire, students will understand the proper configuration to make the bulb light.

Circuit Builder

12.4.22: Understand that lighter colors reflect more light, darker absorb more, and that the color one sees depends on what kind of light is reflected (rather than absorbed) by the object seen.

Color Absorption
Heat Absorption
Subtractive Colors

12.4.24: Understand that light travels in a straight line and can be reflected, refracted, transmitted, and absorbed by matter.

Color Absorption
Heat Absorption

12.4.26: Identify the basic forces, such as friction, magnetism, and gravity. Identify which force is operative in a simple scenario.

Force and Fan Carts

12.4.27: Identify simple machines (lever, inclined plane, pulley, screw, and wheel and axle) and understand how they function. Understand know how they apply forces with advantage, and identify which machine is suited for accomplishing a simple task.

Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
Wheel and Axle

12.4.34: Identify the three basic kinds of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic and the processes that created them. Use information to identify physical properties of minerals.

Mineral Identification

12.4.37: Understand that land formations (mountains, valleys, shorelines, and caves) change slowly over time, and identify the major natural causes of such changes:

12.4.37.a: Slow causes: erosion, caused by wind, rain, glaciers, water freezing inside cracks of rocks (which expands and splits the rocks), the growth of tree roots;

Rock Cycle

12.4.43: Understand the stages of the water cycle: evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.

Water Cycle

12.4.46: Identify the relative positions of the earth, moon, and sun during a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse, a full moon, a half moon, and a new moon. Given a diagram of the earth, moon, and sun, identify which of these is depicted.

Phases of the Moon

12.4.47: Identify the order of planets from the sun, and know that the further planets take longer to go around the sun. Understand that all planets in our solar system revolve around the sun. Because Earth revolves around the sun, objects (e.g., stars, planets, constellations) in the sky appear to change positions throughout the year. Know that it takes Earth 365 ΒΌ days to revolve around the sun.

Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

12.4.48: Understand that the earth rotates on its axis and this is responsible for the change from day to night. Understand that the tilt of the earth is responsible for the seasons.

Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
Summer and Winter

12.4.51: Understand that the mass of a body stays the same on different planets but the weight changes depending on the mass of the planet.

Solar System

Correlation last revised: 5/10/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.