2: The student will apply process skills to develop an understanding of physical science including: properties, changes of properties of matter, motion and forces, and transfer of energy.

2.1: The student will observe, compare, and classify properties of matter.

2.1.1: compares and classifies the states of matter; solids, liquids, gases, and plasma

Phases of Water

2.1.3: identifies and communicates properties of matter including but not limited to, boiling point, solubility, and density.

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Density Laboratory

2.2: The student will observe, measure, infer, and classify changes in properties of matter.

2.2.1: understands the relationship of atoms to elements and elements to compounds.

Element Builder

2.3: The student will investigate motion and forces.

2.3.1: identifies the forces that act on an object (e.g., gravity and friction)

Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

2.3.2: describes, measures, and represents data on a graph showing the motion of an object (position, direction of motion, speed).

Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

2.3.3: recognizes and describes examples of Newton?s Laws of Motion.

Force and Fan Carts

2.3.4: investigates and explains how simple machines multiply force at the expense of distance.

Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
Wheel and Axle

2.4: The student will understand and demonstrate the transfer of energy.

2.4.1: understands the difference between potential and kinetic energy.

Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics
Sled Wars

2.4.3: observes and communicates how light (electromagnetic) energy interacts with matter: transmitted, reflected, refracted, and absorbed.

Color Absorption
Heat Absorption

2.4.4: understands that heat energy can be transferred from hot to cold by radiation, convection, and conduction.

Conduction and Convection

3: The student will apply process skills to explore and understand structure and function in living systems, reproduction and heredity, regulation and behavior, populations and ecosystems, and diversity and adaptations of organisms.

3.1: The student will model structures of organisms and relate functions to the structures.

3.1.2: relates the structure of cells, organs, tissues, organ systems, and whole organisms to their functions

Cell Structure
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Flower Pollination
Paramecium Homeostasis
Pollination: Flower to Fruit

3.1.3: compares organisms composed of single cells with organisms that are multi-cellular.

Paramecium Homeostasis

3.2: The student will understand the role of reproduction and heredity for all living things.

3.2.2: understands how hereditary information of each cell is passed from one generation to the next

DNA Analysis
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.2.3: infers that the characteristics of an organism result from heredity and interactions with the environment

Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

3.3: The student will describe homeostasis, the regulation and balance of internal conditions in response to a changing external environment.

3.3.1: understands that internal and/or environmental conditions affect an organism?s behavior and/or response in order to maintain and regulate stable internal conditions to survive in a continually changing environment.


3.3.2: recognizes that the survival of all organisms requires the ingestion of materials, the intake and release of energy, growth, release of wastes and responses to environmental change.


3.4: The student will identify and relate interactions of populations of organisms within an ecosystem.

3.4.1: recognizes that all populations living together (biotic resources) and the physical factors (abiotic resources) with which they interact compose an ecosystem.

Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Pond Ecosystem
Rabbit Population by Season

3.4.2: understands how limiting factors determine the carrying capacity of an ecosystem.

Food Chain
Prairie Ecosystem
Rabbit Population by Season

3.4.3: traces the energy flow from the sun (source of radiant energy) to producers (via photosynthesis ? chemical energy) to consumers and decomposers in food webs.

Forest Ecosystem

3.5: The student will observe the diversity of living things and relate their adaptations to their survival or extinction.

3.5.1: concludes that species of animals, plants, and microorganisms may look dissimilar on the outside but have similarities in internal structures, developmental characteristics, chemical processes, and genomes.

Dichotomous Keys
Human Evolution - Skull Analysis

3.5.2: understands that adaptations of organisms (changes in structure, function, or behavior that accumulate over successive generations) contribute to biological diversity.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection

4: The student will apply process skills to explore and develop an understanding of the structure of the earth system, earth?s history, and earth in the solar system.

4.1: The student will understand that the structure of the earth system is continuously changing due to earth's physical and chemical processes.

4.1.1: identifies properties of the solid earth, the oceans and fresh water, and the atmosphere.

Mineral Identification

4.2: The student will understand past and present earth processes and their similarity.

4.2.1: understands that earth processes observed today (including movement of lithospheric plates and changes in atmospheric conditions) are similar to those that occurred in the past; earth history is also influenced by occasional catastrophes, such as the impact of a comet or asteroid.

Carbon Cycle

4.3: The student will identify and classify stars, planets, and other solar system components.

4.3.1: compares and contrasts the characteristics of stars, planets, moons, comets, and asteroids.

Solar System
Solar System Explorer

4.3.2: models spatial relationships of the earth/moon/planets/sun system to scale.

2D Eclipse
3D Eclipse
Solar System

4.4: The student will model motions and identify forces that explain earth phenomena.

4.4.1: demonstrates and models object/space/time relationships that explain phenomena such as the day, the month, the year, seasons, phases of the moon, eclipses and tides.

2D Eclipse
3D Eclipse
Ocean Tides
Phases of the Moon
Seasons: Why do we have them?
Summer and Winter

4.4.2: describes how the angle of incidence of solar energy striking earth?s surface affects the amount of heat energy absorbed at earth?s surface.

Heat Absorption
Seasons in 3D

5: The student will demonstrate abilities of technological design and understandings about science and technology.

5.1: The student will demonstrate abilities of technological design.

5.1.1: identifies appropriate problems for technological design, designs a solution or product, implements the proposed design, evaluates the product, and communicates the process of technological design.


Correlation last revised: 5/11/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.