S.RS: Develop an understanding that claims and evidence for their scientific merit should be analyzed. Understand how scientists decide what constitutes scientific knowledge. Develop an understanding of the importance of reflection on scientific knowledge and its application to new situations to better understand the role of science in society and technology.

S.RS.05.15: Demonstrate scientific concepts through various illustrations, performances, models, exhibits, and activities.

Ocean Mapping

S.RS.05.16: Design solutions to problems using technology.


P: Physical Science

P.FM: Develop an understanding that the position and/or motion of an object is relative to a point of reference. Understand forces affect the motion and speed of an object and that the net force on an object is the total of all of the forces acting on it. Understand the Earth pulls down on objects with a force called gravity. Develop an understanding that some forces are in direct contact with objects, while other forces are not in direct contact with objects.

P.FM.05.21: Distinguish between contact forces and non-contact forces.

Free Fall Tower

P.FM.05.31: Describe what happens when two forces act on an object in the same or opposing directions.

Free Fall Tower

P.FM.05.32: Describe how constant motion is the result of balanced (zero net) forces.

Force and Fan Carts

P.FM.05.33: Describe how changes in the motion of objects are caused by a non-zero net (unbalanced) force.

Force and Fan Carts

P.FM.05.34: Relate the size of change in motion to the strength of unbalanced forces and the mass of the object.

Force and Fan Carts

P.FM.05.42: Describe the motion of an object in terms of distance, time and direction, as the object moves, and in relationship to other objects.

Distance-Time Graphs
Free Fall Tower

P.FM.05.43: Illustrate how motion can be measured and represented on a graph.

Distance-Time Graphs

L: Life Science

L.OL: Develop an understanding that plants and animals (including humans) have basic requirements for maintaining life which include the need for air, water and a source of energy. Understand that all life forms can be classified as producers, consumers, or decomposers as they are all part of a global food chain where food/energy is supplied by plants which need light to produce food/energy. Develop an understanding that plants and animals can be classified by observable traits and physical characteristics. Understand that all living organisms are composed of cells and they exhibit cell growth and division. Understand that all plants and animals have a definite life cycle, body parts, and systems to perform specific life functions.

L.OL.05.41: Identify the general purpose of selected animal systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, skeletal, muscular, nervous, excretory, and reproductive).

Circulatory System

L.OL.05.42: Explain how animal systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, skeletal, muscular, nervous, excretory, and reproductive) work together to perform selected activities.

Circulatory System

L.HE: Develop an understanding that all life forms must reproduce to survive. Understand that characteristics of mature plants and animals may be inherited or acquired and that only inherited traits are passed on to their young. Understand that inherited traits can be influenced by changes in the environment and by genetics.

L.HE.05.11: Explain that the traits of an individual are influenced by both the environment and the genetics of the individual.


L.HE.05.12: Distinguish between inherited and acquired traits.


E: Earth Science

E.ES: Develop an understanding of the warming of the Earth by the sun as the major source of energy for phenomenon on Earth and how the sun?s warming relates to weather, climate, seasons, and the water cycle. Understand how human interaction and use of natural resources affects the environment.

E.ES.05.61: Demonstrate using a model, seasons as the result of variations in the intensity of sunlight caused by the tilt of the Earth on its axis, and revolution around the sun.

Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
Summer and Winter

E.ES.05.62: Explain how the revolution of the Earth around the sun defines a year.

Comparing Earth and Venus

E.ST: Develop an understanding that the sun is the central and largest body in the solar system and that Earth and other objects in the sky move in a regular and predictable motion around the sun. Understand that those motions explain the day, year, moon phases, eclipses and the appearance of motion of objects across the sky. Understand that gravity is the force that keeps the planets in orbit around the sun and governs motion in the solar system. Develop an understanding that fossils and layers of Earth provide evidence of the history of Earth?s life forms, changes over long periods of time, and theories regarding Earth?s history and continental drift.

E.ST.05.11: Design a model that describes the position and relationship of the planets and other objects (comets and asteroids) to the sun.

Solar System

E.ST.05.21: Describe the motion of planets and moons in terms of rotation on axis and orbits due to gravity.

Gravity Pitch
Solar System

E.ST.05.23: Recognize that nighttime objects (stars and constellations) and the sun appear to move because the Earth rotates on its axis and orbits the sun.

Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

E.ST.05.24: Explain lunar and solar eclipses based on the relative positions of the Earth, moon, and sun, and the orbit of the moon.


E.ST.05.25: Explain the tides of the oceans as they relate to the gravitational pull and orbit of the moon.

Ocean Tides

Correlation last revised: 8/8/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.