P: Physical Science

P.EN: Develop an understanding that there are many forms of energy (such as heat, light, sound, and electrical) and that energy is transferable by convection, conduction, or radiation. Understand energy can be in motion, called kinetic; or it can be stored, called potential. Develop an understanding that as temperature increases, more energy is added to a system. Understand nuclear reactions in the sun produce light and heat for the Earth.

P.EN.04.12: Identify heat and electricity as forms of energy.

Energy Conversions

P.EN.04.51: Explain how electrical energy is transferred and changed through the use of a simple circuit.

Circuit Builder

P.PM: Develop an understanding that all matter has observable attributes with physical and chemical properties that are described, measured, and compared. Understand that states of matter exist as solid, liquid, or gas; and have physical and chemical properties. Understand all matter is composed of combinations of elements, which are organized by common attributes and characteristics on the Periodic Table. Understand that substances can be classified as mixtures or compounds and according to their physical and chemical properties.

P.PM.04.16: Measure the weight (spring scale) and mass (balances in grams or kilograms) of objects.

Weight and Mass

P.PM.04.23: Compare and contrast the states (solids, liquids, gases) of matter.

Phases of Water

P.PM.04.33: Demonstrate magnetic field by observing the patterns formed with iron filings using a variety of magnets.


P.PM.04.34: Demonstrate that non-magnetic objects are affected by the strength of the magnet and the distance away from the magnet.


P.PM.04.53: Identify objects that are good conductors or poor conductors of heat and electricity.

Circuit Builder

P.CM: Develop an understanding of changes in the state of matter in terms of heating and cooling, and in terms of arrangement and relative motion of atoms and molecules. Understand the differences between physical and chemical changes. Develop an understanding of the conservation of mass. Develop an understanding of products and reactants in a chemical change.

P.CM.04.11: Explain how matter can change from one state (liquid, solid, gas) to another by heating and cooling.

Phases of Water

L: Life Science

L.OL: Develop an understanding that plants and animals (including humans) have basic requirements for maintaining life which include the need for air, water and a source of energy. Understand that all life forms can be classified as producers, consumers, or decomposers as they are all part of a global food chain where food/energy is supplied by plants which need light to produce food/energy. Develop an understanding that plants and animal can be classified by observable traits and physical characteristics. Understand that all living organisms are composed of cells and they exhibit cell growth and division. Understand that all plants and animals have a definite life cycle, body parts, and systems to perform specific life functions.

L.OL.04.15: Determine that plants require air, water, light, and a source of energy and building material for growth and repair.

Growing Plants

L.EC: Develop an understanding of the interdependence of the variety of populations, communities and ecosystems, including those in the Great Lakes region. Develop an understanding of different types of interdependence and that biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) factors affect the balance of an ecosystem. Understand that all organisms cause changes, some detrimental and others beneficial, in the environment where they live.

L.EC.04.11: Identify organisms as part of a food chain or food web.

Forest Ecosystem
Prairie Ecosystem

L.EC.04.21: Explain how environmental changes can produce a change in the food web.

Forest Ecosystem

E: Earth Science

E.ST: Develop an understanding that the sun is the central and largest body in the solar system and that Earth and other objects in the sky move in a regular and predictable motion around the sun. Understand that those motions explain the day, year, moon phases, eclipses and the appearance of motion of objects across the sky. Understand that gravity is the force that keeps the planets in orbit around the sun and governs motion in the solar system. Develop an understanding that fossils and layers of Earth provide evidence of the history of Earth?s life forms, changes over long periods of time, and theories regarding Earth?s history and continental drift.

E.ST.04.11: Identify common objects in the sky, such as the sun and the moon.

Phases of the Moon
Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

E.ST.04.12: Compare and contrast the characteristics of the sun, moon and Earth, including relative distances and abilities to support life.

Solar System

E.ST.04.22: Explain that the spin of the Earth creates day and night.

Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

E.ST.04.24: Explain how the visible shape of the moon follows a predictable cycle which takes approximately one month.

Phases of the Moon

E.ST.04.25: Describe the apparent movement of the sun and moon across the sky through day/night and the seasons.

Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

Correlation last revised: 8/8/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.