SC.8.4: Students will: demonstrate knowledge, understanding and applications of scientific facts, concepts, principles, theories and models as delineated in the objectives, demonstrate an understanding of the interrelationships among physics, chemistry, biology and the earth and space sciences, and apply knowledge, understanding and skills of science subject matter/concepts to daily life experiences.

SC.8.4.2: identify and explain the structures and functions of cell organelles.

Cell Structure
Paramecium Homeostasis

SC.8.4.5: demonstrate how living cells obtain the essentials of life through chemical reactions of transpiration, respiration and photosynthesis.

Cell Energy Cycle
Interdependence of Plants and Animals
Photosynthesis Lab

SC.8.4.6: analyze how behaviors of organisms lead to species continuity (e.g., reproductive/mating behaviors, seed dispersal).

Pollination: Flower to Fruit

SC.8.4.7: demonstrate the basic principles of genetics to include Mendel’s laws, DNA, monohybrid crosses, production of sperm and egg, production of body cells, genes, chromosomes, inherited traits.

Chicken Genetics
DNA Fingerprint Analysis
Human Karyotyping
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)
Natural Selection

SC.8.4.10: trace matter and energy flow in a food web as it goes from sunlight to producers to consumers, design an environment in which the chemical and energy needs for the growth, reproduction and development of plants are met (e.g., food pyramids, decomposition).

Food Chain

SC.8.4.11: use the periodic table to locate and classify elements as metallic, non-metallic or metalloid.

Electron Configuration
Element Builder

SC.8.4.12: trace the development of the model of the atom (e.g., Crookes, Thompson, Becquerel, Rutherford, Bohr).

Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Bohr Model: Introduction

SC.8.4.13: determine the number of protons, neutrons and electrons and use information to draw a Bohr model of the atom.

Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Bohr Model: Introduction
Electron Configuration
Element Builder
Nuclear Decay

SC.8.4.14: assign an element to its chemical family on the periodic table and note similarities in outer energy level electrons within each family.

Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Bohr Model: Introduction
Covalent Bonds
Electron Configuration
Ionic Bonds

SC.8.4.15: evaluate gaseous systems noting the variation in diffusion rates and examine the expansion of gases at elevated temperatures.


SC.8.4.16: conduct and classify chemical reactions by reaction type (synthesis, decomposition, single replacement or double replacement); energy type (endothermic and exothermic); and write word equations for the chemical reactions.

Balancing Chemical Equations
Chemical Equation Balancing
Dehydration Synthesis
Limiting Reactants

SC.8.4.17: identify chemical reaction factors that might affect the reaction rates including catalysts, temperature changes, light energies and particle size.

Collision Theory

SC.8.4.20: apply the conservation of energy theory to energy transformations (e.g., electrical/heat, heat/mechanical).

Energy Conversion in a System
Phase Changes
Simple Harmonic Motion

SC.8.4.22: graph and interpret the relationships (e.g., distance versus time, speed versus time, acceleration versus time).

Distance-Time Graphs
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs
Fan Cart Physics

SC.8.4.23: describe Newton’s Laws of Motion; identify examples; illustrate qualitatively and quantitatively drawing vector quantities.

2D Collisions
Air Track
Atwood Machine
Fan Cart Physics
Uniform Circular Motion

SC.8.4.24: illustrate quantitatively mechanical advantage of simple machines.

Inclined Plane - Simple Machine
Pulley Lab
Torque and Moment of Inertia

SC.8.4.25: summarize problems related to water on earth as a life sustaining substance (e.g., quality and quantity of surface and ground water).

Water Pollution

SC.8.4.26: identify the principle forces of plate tectonics and related geological events.

Plate Tectonics

SC.8.4.27: relate global patterns of atmospheric movement on local weather and the impact of oceans on weather and climate.

Coastal Winds and Clouds

SC.8.4.32: diagram the motions of the Sun, Moon and Earth and explain the phenomena associated with these motions (e.g., glacial periods, eclipses, tides, meteor showers).

Moon Phases
Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases

SC.8.4.33: compare and contrast the orbits of planets and comets.

Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
Rotation/Revolution of Venus and Earth
Solar System Explorer

Correlation last revised: 3/29/2010

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.