4.S.1A: The practices of science and engineering support the development of science concepts, develop the habits of mind that are necessary for scientific thinking, and allow students to engage in science in ways that are similar to those used by scientists and engineers.
4.S.1A.1: Ask questions that can be
4.S.1A.1.1: answered using scientific investigations or
4.S.1A.1.2: used to refine models, explanations, or designs.
4.S.1A.2: Develop, use, and refine models to
4.S.1A.2.1: understand or represent phenomena, processes, and relationships,
4.S.1A.2.2: test devices or solutions, or
4.S.1A.2.3: communicate ideas to others.
4.S.1A.3: Plan and conduct scientific investigations to answer questions, test predictions and develop explanations:
4.S.1A.3.1: formulate scientific questions and predict possible outcomes,
4.S.1A.3.2: identify materials, procedures, and variables,
4.S.1A.3.3: select and use appropriate tools or instruments to collect qualitative and quantitative data, and
4.S.1A.3.4: record and represent data in an appropriate form. Use appropriate safety procedures.
4.S.1A.4: Analyze and interpret data from informational texts, observations, measurements, or investigations using a range of methods (such as tabulation or graphing) to
4.S.1A.4.1: reveal patterns and construct meaning or
4.S.1A.4.2: support explanations, claims, or designs.
4.S.1A.5: Use mathematical and computational thinking to
4.S.1A.5.1: express quantitative observations using appropriate English or metric units,
4.S.1A.5.2: collect and analyze data, or
4.S.1A.5.3: understand patterns, trends and relationships between variables.
4.S.1A.6: Construct explanations of phenomena using
4.S.1A.6.1: scientific evidence and models,
4.S.1A.6.2: conclusions from scientific investigations,
4.S.1A.6.3: predictions based on observations and measurements, or
4.S.1A.6.4: data communicated in graphs, tables, or diagrams.
4.S.1A.7: Construct scientific arguments to support claims, explanations, or designs using evidence from observations, data, or informational texts.
4.S.1A.8: Obtain and evaluate informational texts, observations, data collected, or discussions to
4.S.1A.8.3: develop models, or
4.S.1A.8.4: support explanations, claims, or designs. Communicate observations and explanations using the conventions and expectations of oral and written language.
4.S.1B: Technology is any modification to the natural world created to fulfill the wants and needs of humans. The engineering design process involves a series of iterative steps used to solve a problem and often leads to the development of a new or improved technology.
4.S.1B.1: Construct devices or design solutions to solve specific problems or needs:
4.S.1B.1.3: generate and communicate ideas for possible devices or solutions,
4.S.1B.1.4: build and test devices or solutions,
4.S.1B.1.5: determine if the devices or solutions solved the problem and refine the design if needed, and
4.S.1B.1.6: communicate the results.
4.E.2A: Earth’s atmosphere is a mixture of gases, including water vapor and oxygen. The movement of water, which is found almost everywhere on Earth including the atmosphere, changes form and cycles between Earth’s surface and the air and back again. This cycling of water is driven by energy from the Sun. The movement of water in the water cycle is a major pattern that influences weather conditions. Clouds form during this cycle and various types of precipitation result.
4.E.2A.2: Develop and use models to explain how water changes as it moves between the atmosphere and Earth’s surface during each phase of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff).
4.E.2B: Scientists record patterns in weather conditions across time and place to make predictions about what kind of weather might occur next. Climate describes the range of an area’s typical weather conditions and the extent to which those conditions vary over long periods of time. Some weather conditions lead to severe weather phenomena that have different effects and safety concerns.
4.E.2B.1: Analyze and interpret data from observations, measurements, and weather maps to describe patterns in local weather conditions (including temperature, precipitation, wind speed/direction, relative humidity, and cloud types) and predict changes in weather over time.
4.E.2B.3: Construct explanations about regional climate differences using data from the long term weather conditions of the region.
4.E.3A: Astronomy is the study of objects in our solar system and beyond. A solar system includes a sun, (star), and all other objects that orbit that sun. Planets in our night sky change positions and are not always visible from Earth as they orbit our Sun. Stars that are beyond the solar system can be seen in the night sky in patterns called constellations. Constellations can be used for navigation and appear to move together across the sky because of Earth’s rotation.
4.E.3A.1: Develop and use models of Earth’s solar system to exemplify the location and order of the planets as they orbit the Sun and the main composition (rock or gas) of the planets.
4.E.3B: Earth orbits around the Sun and the Moon orbits around Earth. These movements together with the rotation of Earth on a tilted axis result in patterns that can be observed and predicted.
4.E.3B.1: Analyze and interpret data from observations to describe patterns in the
4.E.3B.1.1: location of the Moon throughout the year,
4.E.3B.1.2: movement of the Moon throughout the year, and
4.E.3B.1.3: appearance of the Moon throughout the year.
4.E.3B.2: Construct explanations of how day and night result from Earth’s rotation on its axis.
4.E.3B.3: Construct explanations of how the Sun appears to move throughout the day using observations of shadows.
4.E.3B.4: Develop and use models to describe the factors (including tilt, revolution, and angle of sunlight) that result in Earth’s seasonal changes.
4.P.4A: Light, as a form of energy, has specific properties including color and brightness. Light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object. The way light reacts when it strikes an object depends on the object’s properties.
4.P.4A.1: Construct scientific arguments to support the claim that white light is made up of different colors.
4.P.4A.2: Analyze and interpret data from observations and measurements to describe how the apparent brightness of light can vary as a result of the distance and intensity of the light source.
4.P.4A.4: Develop and use models to describe how light travels and interacts when it strikes an object (including reflection, refraction, and absorption) using evidence from observations.
4.P.4A.5: Plan and conduct scientific investigations to explain how light behaves when it strikes transparent, translucent, and opaque materials.
4.P.4B: Sound, as a form of energy, is produced by vibrating objects and has specific properties including pitch and volume. Sound travels through air and other materials and is used to communicate information in various forms of technology.
4.P.4B.1: Plan and conduct scientific investigations to test how different variables affect the properties of sound (including pitch and volume).
4.P.4B.2: Analyze and interpret data from observations and measurements to describe how changes in vibration affects the pitch and volume of sound.
4.L.5A: Scientists have identified and classified many types of plants and animals. Each plant or animal has a unique pattern of growth and development called a life cycle. Some characteristics (traits) that organisms have are inherited and some result from interactions with the environment.
4.L.5A.4: Construct scientific arguments to support claims that some characteristics of organisms are inherited from parents and some are influenced by the environment.
4.L.5B: Plants and animals have physical characteristics that allow them to receive information from the environment. Structural adaptations within groups of plants and animals allow them to better survive and reproduce.
4.L.5B.1: Develop and use models to compare how humans and other animals use their senses and sensory organs to detect and respond to signals from the environment.
4.L.5B.2: Construct explanations for how structural adaptations (such as the types of roots, stems, or leaves; color of flowers; or seed dispersal) allow plants to survive and reproduce.
4.L.5B.3: Construct explanations for how structural adaptations (such as methods for defense, locomotion, obtaining resources, or camouflage) allow animals to survive in the environment.
Correlation last revised: 5/18/2021