### 1: Number, Number Sense and Operations

#### 1.A: Use scientific notation to express large numbers and numbers less than one.

1.A.1: Use scientific notation to express large numbers and small numbers between 0 and 1.

#### 1.C: Apply properties of operations and the real number system, and justify when they hold for a set of numbers.

1.C.4: Explain and use the inverse and identity properties and use inverse relationships (addition/subtraction, multiplication/division, squaring/square roots) in problem solving situations.

#### 1.G: Estimate, compute and solve problems involving real numbers, including ratio, proportion and percent, and explain solutions.

1.G.6: Estimate, compute and solve problems involving rational numbers, including ratio, proportion and percent, and judge the reasonableness of solutions.

#### 1.H: Find the square root of perfect squares, and approximate the square root of non-perfect squares.

1.H.7: Find the square root of perfect squares, and approximate the square root of non-perfect squares as consecutive integers between which the root lies; e.g., [square root of 130] is between 11 and 12.

#### 1.I: Estimate, compute and solve problems involving scientific notation, square roots and numbers with integer exponents.

1.I.3: Apply order of operations to simplify expressions and perform computations involving integer exponents and radicals.

1.I.8: Add, subtract, multiply, divide and compare numbers written in scientific notation.

### 2: Measurement

#### 2.A: Solve increasingly complex non-routine measurement problems and check for reasonableness of results.

2.A.6: Solve and determine the reasonableness of the results for problems involving rates and derived measurements, such as velocity and density, using formulas, models and graphs.

#### 2.B: Use formulas to find surface area and volume for specified three-dimensional objects accurate to a specified level of precision.

2.B.4: Derive formulas for surface area and volume and justify them using geometric models and common materials. For example, find:

2.B.4.b: that the volume of a pyramid (or cone) is one-third of the volume of a prism (or cylinder) with the same base area and height.

#### 2.C: Apply indirect measurement techniques, tools and formulas, as appropriate, to find perimeter, circumference and area of circles, triangles, quadrilaterals and composite shapes, and to find volume of prisms, cylinders, and pyramids.

2.C.5: Determine surface area for pyramids by analyzing their parts.

2.C.9: Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of perimeter, circumference and area by using established formulas for triangles, quadrilaterals, and circles to determine the surface area and volume of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, spheres and cones. (Note: Only volume should be calculated for spheres and cones.)

#### 2.E: Estimate and compute various attributes, including length, angle measure, area, surface area and volume, to a specified level of precision.

2.E.10: Use conventional formulas to find the surface area and volume of prisms, pyramids and cylinders and the volume of spheres and cones to a specified level of precision.

### 3: Geometry and Spatial Sense

#### 3.B: Describe and apply the properties of similar and congruent figures; and justify conjectures involving similarity and congruence.

3.B.3: Use proportions in several forms to solve problems involving similar figures (part-to-part, part-to-whole, corresponding sides between figures).

#### 3.C: Recognize and apply angle relationships in situations involving intersecting lines, perpendicular lines and parallel lines.

3.C.2: Recognize the angles formed and the relationship between the angles when two lines intersect and when parallel lines are cut by a transversal.

#### 3.E: Draw and construct representations of two- and three-dimensional geometric objects using a variety of tools, such as straightedge, compass and technology.

3.E.6: Draw nets for a variety of prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones.

#### 3.F: Represent and model transformations in a coordinate plane and describe the results.

3.F.5: Draw the results of translations, reflections, rotations and dilations of objects in the coordinate plane, and determine properties that remain fixed; e.g., lengths of sides remain the same under translations.

### 4: Patterns, Functions and Algebra

#### 4.A: Generalize and explain patterns and sequences in order to find the next term and the nth term.

4.A.2: Generalize patterns and sequences by describing how to find the nth term.

#### 4.B: Identify and classify functions as linear or nonlinear, and contrast their properties using tables, graphs or equations.

4.B.3: Identify functions as linear or nonlinear based on information given in a table, graph or equation.

#### 4.C: Translate information from one representation (words, table, graph or equation) to another representation of a relation or function.

4.C.1: Relate the various representations of a relationship; i.e., relate a table to graph, description and symbolic form.

#### 4.D: Use algebraic representations, such as tables, graphs, expressions, functions and inequalities, to model and solve problem situations.

4.D.7: Use symbolic algebra (equations and inequalities), graphs and tables to represent situations and solve problems.

4.D.8: Write, simplify and evaluate algebraic expressions (including formulas) to generalize situations and solve problems.

#### 4.E: Analyze and compare functions and their graphs using attributes, such as rates of change, intercepts and zeros.

4.E.6: Describe the relationship between the graph of a line and its equation, including being able to explain the meaning of slope as a constant rate of change and y-intercept in real-world problems.

#### 4.F: Solve and graph linear equations and inequalities.

4.F.7: Use symbolic algebra (equations and inequalities), graphs and tables to represent situations and solve problems.

4.F.9: Solve linear equations and inequalities graphically, symbolically and using technology.

#### 4.G: Solve quadratic equations with real roots by graphing, formula and factoring.

4.G.12: Solve simple quadratic equations graphically; e.g., y = x 2 - 16.

#### 4.H: Solve systems of linear equations involving two variables graphically and symbolically.

4.H.10: Solve 2 by 2 systems of linear equations graphically and by simple substitution.

4.H.11: Interpret the meaning of the solution of a 2 by 2 system of equations; i.e., point, line, no solution.

#### 4.J: Describe and interpret rates of change from graphical and numerical data.

4.J.13: Compute and interpret slope, midpoint and distance given a set of ordered pairs.

4.J.15: Describe and compare how changes in an equation affects the related graphs; e.g., for a linear equation changing the coefficient of x affects the slope and changing the constant affects the intercepts.

4.J.16: Use graphing calculators or computers to analyze change; e.g., interest compounded over time as a nonlinear growth pattern.

### 5: Data Analysis and Probability

#### 5.A: Create, interpret and use graphical displays and statistical measures to describe data; e.g., box-and-whisker plots, histograms, scatterplots, measures of center and variability.

5.A.1: Use, create and interpret scatterplots and other types of graphs as appropriate.

#### 5.B: Evaluate different graphical representations of the same data to determine which is the most appropriate representation for an identified purpose.

5.B.2: Evaluate different graphical representations of the same data to determine which is the most appropriate representation for an identified purpose; e.g., line graph for change over time, circle graph for part-to-whole comparison, scatterplot for relationship between two variants.

#### 5.C: Compare the characteristics of the mean, median and mode for a given set of data, and explain which measure of center best represents the data.

5.C.5: Explain the mean's sensitivity to extremes and its use in comparison with the median and mode.

#### 5.D: Find, use and interpret measures of center and spread, such as mean and quartiles, and use those measures to compare and draw conclusions about sets of data.

5.D.4: Compare two sets of data using measures of center (mean, mode, median) and measures of spread (range, quartiles, interquartile range, percentiles).

#### 5.E: Evaluate the validity of claims and predictions that are based on data by examining the appropriateness of the data collection and analysis.

5.E.8: Describe how the relative size of a sample compared to the target population affects the validity of predictions.

#### 5.G: Describe sampling methods and analyze the effects of method chosen on how well the resulting sample represents the population.

5.G.7: Identify different ways of selecting samples, such as survey response, random sample, representative sample and convenience sample.

#### 5.H: Use counting techniques, such as permutations and combinations, to determine the total number of options and possible outcomes.

5.H.10: Calculate the number of possible outcomes for a situation, recognizing and accounting for when items may occur more than once or when order is important.

#### 5.J: Compute probabilities of compound events, independent events, and simple dependent events.

5.J.11: Demonstrate an understanding that the probability of either of two disjoint events occurring can be found by adding the probabilities for each and that the probability of one independent event following another can be found by multiplying the probabilities.

### 6: Mathematical Processes

#### 6.F: Use precise mathematical language and notations to represent problem situations and mathematical ideas.

Correlation last revised: 8/29/2016

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.