### PII.1: Energy and Momentum in Two Dimensions

#### PII.1.1: For a system consisting of a single object with a net external force applied, qualitatively and quantitatively predict changes in its linear momentum using the impulse-momentum theorem and in its translational kinetic energy using the work-energy theorem.

Inclined Plane - Simple Machine

#### PII.1.2: For a system consisting of a two objects with no net external forces applied, qualitatively and quantitatively analyze a two dimensional interaction (i.e. collision or separation) to show that the total linear momentum of the system remains constant.

2D Collisions

Air Track

#### PII.1.3: For a system consisting of two objects moving in two dimensions with no net external forces applied, apply the principles of conservation of linear momentum and of mechanical energy to quantitatively predict changes in the linear momentum, velocity, and kinetic energy after the interaction between the two objects.

2D Collisions

Energy of a Pendulum

Roller Coaster Physics

### PII.2: Temperature and Thermal Energy Transfer

#### PII.2.2: Describe the process of the transfer of thermal energy (i.e. heat) that occurs during the heating cycle of a substance from solid to gas and relate the changes in molecular motion to temperature changes that are observed.

Phase Changes

### PII.3: Fluids

#### PII.3.2: Qualitatively and quantitatively determine how the density of fluid or volume of fluid displaced is related to the force due to buoyancy acting on either a floating or submerged object as described by Archimedes’ principle of buoyancy.

Archimedes' Principle

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice

Density Laboratory

Determining Density via Water Displacement

### PII.5: Simple and Complex Circuits

#### PII.5.1: Relate the idea of electric potential energy to electric potential (i.e. voltage) in the context of electric circuits.

Advanced Circuits

Circuit Builder

Circuits

#### PII.5.2: Develop graphical and mathematical representations that describe the relationship between the between the amount of current passing through an ohmic device and the amount of voltage (i.e. EMF) applied across the device according to Ohm’s Law. Apply those representations to qualitatively and quantitatively describe how changing the current affects the voltage and vice versa for an ohmic device of known resistance.

Advanced Circuits

Circuits

#### PII.5.5: Explain and analyze simple arrangements of electrical components in series and parallel DC circuits in terms of current, resistance, voltage and power. Use Ohm’s and Kirchhoff’s laws to analyze DC circuits.

Advanced Circuits

Circuit Builder

Circuits

### PII.6: Magnetism

#### PII.6.5: Describe the practical uses of magnetism in motors, electronic devices, mass spectroscopy, MRIs, and other applications.

Electromagnetic Induction

Magnetic Induction

### PII.7: Electromagnetic Induction

#### PII.7.3: Apply Ohm’s Law, Faraday’s Law, and Lenz’s Law to determine the amount and direction of current induced by a changing magnetic flux in a loop of wire or simple loop circuit.

Electromagnetic Induction

### PII.8: Geometric Optics

#### PII.8.1: Develop graphical, mathematical, and pictorial representations (e.g. ray diagrams) that describe the relationships between the focal length, the image distance and the object distance for planar, converging, and diverging mirrors and apply those representations to qualitatively and quantitatively describe how changing the object distance affects the image distance.

Ray Tracing (Lenses)

Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

#### PII.8.3: Develop graphical, mathematical, and pictorial representations (e.g. ray diagrams) that describe the relationships between the focal length, the image distance, and the object distance for both converging and diverging lenses and apply those representations to qualitatively and quantitatively describe how changing the object distance affects the image distance.

Ray Tracing (Lenses)

#### PII.8.4: Describe an image as real or virtual for both a curved mirror and lens system based on the position of the image relative to the optical device.

Ray Tracing (Lenses)

Ray Tracing (Mirrors)

### PII.9: Particle and Wave Nature of Light

#### PII.9.2: Explain how electromagnetic waves interact with matter both as particles (i.e. photons) and as waves and be able to apply the most appropriate model to any particular scenario.

Photoelectric Effect

Correlation last revised: 9/16/2020