Voluntary State Curriculum
2.A.3: Explain how rock is formed from combinations of different minerals and that smaller rocks come from the breakage and weathering of bedrock (solid rock underlying soil components) and larger rocks; soil is made partly from weathered rock, partly from plant remains-and also contains many living organisms.
2.A.3.a: Observe and classify a collection of minerals based on their physical properties.
2.A.3.b: Identify components of a variety of rocks and compare the physical properties of rocks with those of minerals to note major differences.
2.D.1: Identify and compare properties, location, and movement of celestial objects in our solar system.
2.D.1.a: Recognize that like all planets and stars, the Earth is spherical in shape.
2.D.1.b: Identify the properties of the planet Earth that make it possible for the survival of life as we know it.
2.D.1.b.3: Presence of an atmosphere
2.D.1.b.4: Presence of water (solid, liquid, and gas)
2.D.1.c: Compare the properties of at least one other planet in our solar system to those of Earth to determine if it could support life, as we know it.
2.D.1.e: Provide evidence that supports the idea that our solar system is sun-centered.
2.D.2: Recognize and describe the causes of the repeating patterns of celestial events.
2.D.2.b: Recognize and describe that the rotation of planet Earth produces observable effects
2.D.2.b.1: The day and night cycle.
2.D.2.b.2: The apparent movement of the sun, moon, planets, and stars
2.D.2.c: Describe the revolution of the planet Earth around the sun.
2.D.2.e: Verify with models and cite evidence that the moon's apparent shape and position change.
3.A.1: Explain the idea that in any particular environment, some kinds of plants and animals survive well, some less well, and some cannot survive at all.
3.A.1.b: Based on information about the features and behaviors of animals and plants from very different environments describe reasons that they might not survive if their environment changed or if they were moved from one environment to another.
3.A.1.d: Research the kind of environment needed by the Maryland blue crab, the Black-eyed Susan (Maryland's state flower), or another Maryland native organism.
3.B.1: Provide evidence from observations and investigations to support the idea that some organisms consist of a single cell.
3.B.1.c: Cite evidence from data gathered that supports the idea that most single celled organisms have needs similar to those of multicellular organisms.
3.B.2: Investigate and provide evidence that living things are made mostly of cells that can be seen and studied only through a microscope.
3.B.2.a: Use microscopes and/or other video technology to investigate and describe that some organisms are composed of a collection of similar cells working together to meet basic needs of a "colony" of cells.
3.E.1: Recognize that some source of energy is needed for all organisms to grow and survive.
3.E.1.a: Identify the sun as the primary source of energy for all living organisms.
3.E.1.a.1: Plants use sunlight to make food
3.E.1.a.2: Plants and animals use food for energy and growth
3.E.1.b: Cite evidence from observations and research that some insects and various other organisms depend on dead plant and animal material for food.
3.E.1.c: Provide examples that justify the statement "Most animals' food can be traced back to plants."
4.B.1: Cite evidence to support the statement that, " No matter how many parts of an object are assembled, the mass of the whole object made is always the same as the sum of the parts."
4.B.1.b: Use evidence from investigations with a variety of materials, such as water to describe how matter can change from one form to another without the loss of any mass.
4.B.1.c: Describe the relationship between the masses of whole objects to the sum of the mass of their parts using appropriate tools to gather supporting data.
4.C.1: Provide evidence from investigations to identify the processes that can be used to change materials from one state of matter to another.
4.C.1.a: Observe and describe the changes heating and cooling cause to the different states in which water exists.
4.C.1.a.1: Heating causes: ice (solid) to melt forming liquid water; liquid water to evaporate forming water vapor (gas).
4.C.1.a.2: Cooling causes: liquid water to freeze forming ice (solid); water vapor (gas) to form liquid water.
4.C.1.b: Based on data explain the importance of water's ability to exist in all three states within the temperatures normally found on Earth.
4.C.1.c: Analyze data from observations to support the idea that when materials change from one state to another the amount of material stays the same.
5.A.1: Describe the motion of objects using distance traveled, time, direction, and speed.
5.A.1.a: Observe, describe, and compare types of motion.
5.A.1.a.1: Uniform motion as equal distances traveled in equal times, such as escalators, conveyor belts.
5.A.1.a.2: Variable motion as different distances traveled in equal times, such as an accelerating car, falling objects.
5.A.1.b: Use measurements to describe the distance traveled as the change in position.
5.A.1.c: Based on data describe speed as the distance traveled per unit of time.
5.A.2: Explain that the changes in the motion of objects are determined by the mass of an object and the amount (size) of the force applied to it.
5.A.2.a: Observe and give examples that show changes in speed or direction of motion are caused by an interaction of forces acting on an object:
5.A.2.b: Observe and explain the changes in selected motion patterns using the relationship between force and mass.
5.A.4: Cite evidence that energy in various forms exists in mechanical systems.
5.A.4.a: Identify ways of storing energy (potential) in an object.
5.A.4.a.1: Raising an object above the ground
5.A.4.c: Observe and cite examples showing that stored energy may be converted to energy of motion and vice versa.
5.D.3: Provide evidence to show that light travels in a straight line until it is reflected or refracted.
5.D.3.b: Based on observations trace the path of a ray of light before and after it is reflected (bounces) off a plane mirror.
5.D.4: Recognize and describe how light interacts with different materials.
5.D.4.b: Explain that shadows are formed when objects block light.
5.D.4.d: Pose questions about why objects appear to be different colors.
Correlation last revised: 10/22/2009