2: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the chemical and physical interactions (i.e., natural forces and cycles, transfer of energy) of the environment, Earth, and the universe that occur over time.

2.C: Plate Tectonics

2.C.1: Gather information and provide evidence about the physical environment, becoming familiar with the details of geological features, observing and mapping locations of hills, valleys, rivers, and canyons.

2.C.1.b: Describe the natural features in their immediate outdoor environment, and compare the features with those of another region in Maryland.

Forest Ecosystem

2.E: Interactions of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere

2.E.1: Recognize and describe that water can be found as a liquid or a solid on the Earth's surface and as a gas in the Earth's atmosphere.

2.E.1.b: Observe and explain what happens when liquid water disappears.

2.E.1.b.1: Turns into water vapor (gas) in the air

Phases of Water

2.E.1.b.2: Can reappear as a liquid or solid when cooled, such as clouds, fog, rain, snow, etc.

Phases of Water

3: The students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the dynamic nature of living things, their interactions, and the results from the interactions that occur over time.

3.B: Cells

3.B.1: Explore the world of minute living things to describe what they look like, how they live, and how they interact with their environment.

3.B.1.b: Describe any observable activity displayed by these organisms.

Pond Ecosystem

3.B.1.d: Use information gathered about these minute organisms to compare mechanisms they have to satisfy their basic needs to those used by larger organisms.

Prairie Ecosystem

3.E: Flow of Matter and Energy

3.E.1: Recognize that materials continue to exist even though they change from one form to another.

3.E.1.c: Observe and record the sequence of changes that occur to plants and animals that die and decay.

Forest Ecosystem

4: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the composition, structure, and interactions of matter in order to support the predictability of structure and energy transformations

4.A: Structure of Matter

4.A.1: Identify ways to classify objects using supporting evidence from investigations of observable properties.

4.A.1.a: Classify objects based on their observable properties.

Mineral Identification

4.C: States of Matter

4.C.1: Provide evidence from investigations to describe the effect that changes in temperature have on the properties of materials.

4.C.1.a: Based on data gathered from investigations, identify and describe the changes that occur to the observable properties of materials when different degrees of heat is applied to them, such as melting chocolate pieces, boiling an egg.

Phases of Water

4.C.1.b: Observe and describe the changes cooling causes to the observable properties of materials when they are cooled, such as freezing water in a straw, milk in an ice cream maker.

Phases of Water

4.C.1.c: Cite examples of similar changes that heating and cooling have on the observable properties of various other materials.

Phases of Water

5: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the interactions of matter and energy and the energy transformations that occur.

5.A: Mechanics

5.A.1: Cite evidence from observations to describe the motion of an object using position and speed.

5.A.1.a: Describe the position of an object by locating it relative to another object or to its the background.

Force and Fan Carts

5.A.1.b: Using information from multiple trials, compare the speeds (faster or slower) of objects that travel the same distance in different amounts of time.

Force and Fan Carts

5.A.1.c: Using information from multiple trials, compare the distances that objects moving at different speeds travel in the same amount of time.

Force and Fan Carts
Measuring Motion

5.A.2: Explain that changes in the ways objects move are caused by forces.

5.A.2.a: Observe and describe the way an object's motion changes in a variety of situations (rolling a ball, bouncing a ball, dropping a yo-yo, winding up a toy, etc.) and identify what may have caused the change.

Force and Fan Carts
Free Fall Tower

5.A.2.b: Describe changes in the motion of objects as they move across different textured surfaces and suggest possible causes for the change.

Force and Fan Carts

5.A.2.c: Observe and describe that objects fall to the ground unless something holds them up (gravity).

Free Fall Tower
Gravity Pitch

5.B: Thermodynamics

5.B.1: Recognize and describe that heat is transferred between objects that are at different temperatures.

5.B.1.a: Recognize and describe that the temperature of an object increases when heat is added and decreases when heat is removed.

Heat Absorption

5.B.1.b: Recognize and describe that heat will flow between object at different temperatures until they reach the same temperature.

Conduction and Convection

Correlation last revised: 10/22/2009

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.