1: Properties and Principles of Matter and Energy

1.1: Changes in properties and states of matter provide evidence of the atomic theory of matter

1.1.A: Objects, and the materials they are made of, have properties that can be used to describe and classify them

1.1.A.a: Compare the densities of regular and irregular objects using their respective measures of volume and mass

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Density Laboratory

1.1.A.b: Identify pure substances (e.g., minerals, water, atmospheric gases) by their physical and chemical properties (i.e., color, luster/reflectivity, hardness, cleavage, fracture, conductivity, density, pH, melting point, boiling point, specific heat, solubility, phase at room temperature, chemical reactivity)

Circuit Builder

1.1.B: Properties of mixtures depend upon the concentrations, properties, and interactions of particles

1.1.B.a: Compare and contrast the properties of acidic, basic, and neutral solutions


1.1.D: Physical changes in states of matter due to thermal changes in materials can be explained by the Kinetic Theory of Matter

1.1.D.a: Using the Kinetic Theory model, explain the changes that occur in the distance between atoms/molecules and temperature of a substance as energy is absorbed or released during a phase change

Phase Changes

1.1.I: Mass is conserved during any physical or chemical change

1.1.I.a: Compare the mass of the reactants to the mass of the products in a chemical reaction or physical change (e.g., cycling of minerals within rock cycle, process of erosion/weathering, carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle, nitrogen cycle, water cycle, nuclear reaction) as support for the Law of Conservation of Mass

Chemical Equations

1.2: Energy has a source, can be stored, and can be transferred but is conserved within a system

1.2.A: Forms of energy have a source, a means of transfer (work and heat), and a receiver

1.2.A.e: Interpret examples (e.g., land and sea breezes, plate tectonics) of heat transfer as convection, conduction, or radiation

Coastal Winds and Clouds
Herschel Experiment

1.2.E: Nuclear energy is a major source of energy throughout the universe

1.2.E.a: Describe how changes in the nucleus of an atom during a nuclear reaction (i.e., nuclear decay, fusion, fission) result in emission of radiation

Nuclear Decay

1.2.F: Energy can be transferred within a system as the total amount of energy remains constant (i.e., Law of Conservation of Energy)

1.2.F.a: Classify the different ways to store energy (i.e., chemical, nuclear, thermal, mechanical, electromagnetic) and describe the transfer of energy as it changes from kinetic to potential, while the total amount of energy remains constant, within a system (e.g., process of erosion/weathering, cycling of minerals within rock cycle, carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle, nitrogen cycle, water cycle, nuclear reaction)

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics

2: Properties and Principles of Force and Motion

2.2: Forces affect motion

2.2.B: Every object exerts a gravitational force on every other object

2.2.B.a: Compare and describe the gravitational forces between two objects in terms of their masses and the distances between them

Gravitational Force
Pith Ball Lab

4: Changes in Ecosystems and Interactions of Organisms with their Environments

4.2: Matter and energy flow through an ecosystem

4.2.B: Matter is recycled through an ecosystem

4.2.B.a: Explain the processes involved in the recycling of nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon through an ecosystem

Carbon Cycle
Cell Energy Cycle
Pond Ecosystem

4.2.B.b: Explain the importance of the recycling of nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon within an ecosystem

Carbon Cycle
Cell Energy Cycle
Pond Ecosystem

5: Processes and Interactions of the EarthÂ?s Systems (Geosphere, Atmosphere, and Hydrosphere)

5.1: EarthÂ?s Systems (geosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) have common components and unique structures

5.1.A: The EarthÂ?s crust is composed of various materials, including soil, minerals, and rocks, with characteristic properties

5.1.A.a: Classify minerals (rock-forming and ore) based on physical and chemical properties (e.g., color, streak, luster/reflectivity, hardness, cleavage, fracture, conductivity, density, melting point, boiling point, solubility, pH, chemical reactivity)

Circuit Builder
Density Experiment: Slice and Dice

5.2: EarthÂ?s Systems (geosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) interact with one another as they undergo change by common processes

5.2.A: The EarthÂ?s materials and surface features are changed through a variety of external processes

5.2.A.b: Describe the factors that affect rates of weathering and erosion of landforms (e.g., soil/rock type, amount and force of run-off, slope)

Determining a Spring Constant
Distance-Time and Velocity-Time Graphs

5.2.B: There are internal processes and sources of energy within the geosphere that cause changes in EarthÂ?s crustal plates

5.2.B.e: Describe the effects of the movement of crustal plates (i.e., earthquakes, sea floor spreading, mountain building, volcanic eruptions) at a given location on the planet

Plate Tectonics

5.2.B.f: Articulate the processes involved in the Theory of Plate Tectonics (i.e., uneven heating of the mantle due to the decay of radioactive isotopes, movement of materials via convection currents, movement of continental and oceanic plates along diverging, converging, or transform plate boundaries) and describe evidence that supports that theory (e.g., correlation of rock sequences, landforms, and fossils; presence of intrusions and faults; evidence of sea-floor spreading)

Plate Tectonics

5.2.F: Climate is a description of average weather conditions in a given area due to the transfer of energy and matter through EarthÂ?s systems.

5.2.F.a: Predict the weather (patterns of change in the atmosphere) at a designated location using weather maps (including map legends) and/or weather data (e.g., temperature, barometric pressure, cloud cover and type, wind speed and direction, precipitation)

Hurricane Motion
Weather Maps

5.2.F.c: Describe the effects of natural phenomena (e.g., burning organic material, volcanic eruptions, lightning, changes in global wind and ocean currents) on the properties of the atmosphere

Plate Tectonics

5.2.F.d: Explain how climate and weather patterns in a particular region are affected by factors such as proximity to large bodies of water or ice/ocean currents, latitude, altitude, wind and ocean currents, amount of solar radiation, changes in the atmosphere due to natural phenomena (e.g., burning organic material, volcanic eruptions)

Coastal Winds and Clouds
Hurricane Motion
Weather Maps

5.3: Human activity is dependent upon and affects EarthÂ?s resources and systems

5.3.A: EarthÂ?s materials are limited natural resources affected by human activity

5.3.A.b: Identify human activities that may adversely affect the composition of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, or geosphere

Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors

5.3.A.c: Predict local and/or global effects of environmental changes when given a scenario describing how the composition of the geosphere, hydrosphere, or atmosphere is altered by natural phenomena or human activities

Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors

6: Composition and Structure of the Universe and the Motion of the Objects Within It

6.1: The universe has observable properties and structure

6.1.A: The Earth, Sun, and moon are part of a larger system that includes other planets and smaller celestial bodies

6.1.A.a: Describe and relate the positions and motions of the Sun-Earth solar system, the Milky-Way galaxy, and other galaxies within the universe (i.e., it is just one of several solar systems orbiting the center of a rotating spiral galaxy; that spiral galaxy is just one of many galaxies which orbit a common center of gravity; the expanding universe causes the distance between galaxies to increase)

Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases

6.2: Regular and predictable motions of objects in the universe can be described and explained as the result of gravitational forces

6.2.C: The regular and predictable motions of a planet and moon relative to the Sun explain natural phenomena, such as day, month, year, shadows, moon phases, eclipses, tides, and seasons

6.2.C.b: Explain seasonal phenomena (i.e., weather, length of day, temperature, intensity of sunlight) as a consequence of a planetÂ?s axial tilt as it rotates and a planetÂ?s orbital position as it revolves around the Sun

Seasons Around the World
Seasons in 3D
Seasons: Why do we have them?

6.2.C.d: Predict the moon rise/set times, phases of the moon, and/or eclipses when given the relative positions of the moon, planet, and Sun

3D Eclipse
Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases

6.2.C.e: Explain how the gravitational forces, due to the relative positions of a planet, moon, and Sun, determine the height and frequency of tides


7: Scientific Inquiry

7.1: Science understanding is developed through the use of science process skills, scientific knowledge, scientific investigation, reasoning, and critical thinking

7.1.A: Scientific inquiry includes the ability of students to formulate a testable question and explanation, and to select appropriate investigative methods in order to obtain evidence relevant to the explanation

7.1.A.b: Analyzing an experiment, identify the components (i.e., independent variable, dependent variables, control of constants, multiple trials) and explain their importance to the design of a valid experiment

Seed Germination

7.1.A.c: Design and conduct a valid experiment

Coral Reefs 2 - Biotic Factors
Effect of Environment on New Life Form
Effect of Temperature on Gender
Pendulum Clock
Real-Time Histogram
Seed Germination

7.1.A.f: Acknowledge there is no fixed procedure called Â?the scientific methodÂ?, but that some investigations involve systematic observations, carefully collected and relevant evidence, logical reasoning, and some imagination in developing hypotheses and other explanations

Effect of Temperature on Gender
Seed Germination

7.1.B: Scientific inquiry relies upon gathering evidence from qualitative and quantitative observations

7.1.B.e: Calculate the range, average/mean, percent, and ratios for sets of data

Effect of Temperature on Gender
Seed Germination

7.1.D: The nature of science relies upon communication of results and justification of explanations

7.1.D.a: Communicate the procedures and results of investigations and explanations through:

7.1.D.a.3: data tables (allowing for the recording and analysis of data relevant to the experiment such as independent and dependent variables, multiple trials, beginning and ending times or temperatures, derived quantities)

Identifying Nutrients

8: Impact of Science, Technology and Human Activity

8.1: The nature of technology can advance, and is advanced by, science as it seeks to apply scientific knowledge in ways that meet human needs

8.1.B: Advances in technology often result in improved data collection and an increase in scientific information

8.1.B.a: Recognize the relationships linking technology and science (e.g., how technological problems may create a demand for new science knowledge, how new technologies make it possible for scientists to extend research and advance science)


Correlation last revised: 5/17/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.