ES.1: The Universe

ES.1.2: Differentiate between the different types of stars, including our sun, found on the Hertzsprung - Russell diagram. Compare and contrast the evolution of stars of different masses.

H-R Diagram

ES.2: The Solar System

ES.2.2: Describe the characteristics of the various kinds of objects in the solar system (e.g., planets, satellites, comets and asteroids). Recognize that planets have been identified orbiting stars other than the sun.

Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws

ES.2.4: Describe the motions of the various kinds of objects in our solar system (e.g., planets, satellites, comets and asteroids). Explain that KeplerÂ?s laws determine the orbits of those objects and know that KeplerÂ?s laws are a direct consequence of NewtonÂ?s Law of Universal Gravitation together with his laws of motion.

Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws

ES.3: The Earth

ES.3.1: Understand that the Earth system contains fixed amounts of each stable chemical element and that each element moves among reservoirs in the solid earth, oceans, atmosphere and living organisms as part of biogeochemical cycles (i.e., nitrogen, water, carbon, oxygen and phosphorus cycles), which are driven by energy from within the earth and from the sun.

Cell Energy Cycle

ES.4: The Atmosphere and Hydrosphere

ES.4.3: Explain the importance of heat transfer between and within the atmosphere, land masses, and bodies of water.

Coastal Winds and Clouds

ES.4.4: Understand and describe the origin, life cycle, and behavior of weather systems and methods of predicting them. Investigate the causes of severe weather and propose appropriate safety measures that can be taken in the event of severe weather.

Hurricane Motion
Weather Maps

ES.4.5: Explain the role of Milankovitch cycles (rotation, revolution, and procession of axis) on differential heating of Earth, leading to climate changes such as the cycles of glaciation.

Seasons Around the World
Seasons in 3D
Seasons: Why do we have them?

ES.4.6: Understand the origin, effects and uses of tides.


ES 5.5: Understand the concepts of relative and absolute geologic time and their measurement by means of evidence from fossils and radioactive dating.


ES.6: Earth Processes

ES.6.3: Explain the origin of geologic features and processes that result from plate tectonics (e.g., earthquakes, volcanoes, trenches and mountain ranges).

Plate Tectonics

ES.6.4: Understand and discuss the development of plate tectonic theory, which is derived from the combination of two theories: continental drift and seafloor spreading.

Plate Tectonics

Correlation last revised: 5/11/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.