ESS: Earth and Space Science

ESS.1: This topic focuses on the characteristics, cycles and patterns in the solar system and within the universe.

ESS.1.1: The solar system includes the sun and all celestial bodies that orbit the sun. Each planet in the solar system has unique characteristics.

ESS.1.1.a: The distance from the sun, size, composition and movement of each planet are unique. Planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits. Some of the planets have moons and/or debris that orbit them. Comets, asteroids and meteoroids orbit the sun.

Gravity Pitch
Solar System

ESS.1.3: Most of the cycles and patterns of motion between the Earth and sun are predictable.

ESS.1.3.a: Earth?s revolution around the sun takes approximately 365 days. Earth completes one rotation on its axis in a 24-hour period, producing day and night. This rotation makes the sun, stars and moon appear to change position in the sky. Earth?s axis is tilted at an angle of 23.5°. This tilt, along with Earth?s revolution around the sun, affects the amount of direct sunlight that the Earth receives in a single day and throughout the year. The average daily temperature is related to the amount of direct sunlight received. Changes in average temperature throughout the year are identified as seasons.

Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun
Summer and Winter

LS: Life Science

LS.1: This topic focuses on foundational knowledge of the structures and functions of ecosystems.

LS.1.1: Organisms perform a variety of roles in an ecosystem.

LS.1.1.a: Populations of organisms can be categorized by how they acquire energy.

Forest Ecosystem

LS.1.1.b: Food webs can be used to identify the relationships among producers, consumers and decomposers in an ecosystem.

Forest Ecosystem

LS.1.2: All of the processes that take place within organisms require energy.

LS.1.2.a: For ecosystems, the major source of energy is sunlight.

Energy Conversions
Pond Ecosystem

LS.1.2.b: Energy entering ecosystems as sunlight is transferred and transformed by producers into energy that organisms use through the process of photosynthesis. That energy then passes from organism to organism as illustrated in food webs.

Energy Conversions
Forest Ecosystem
Pond Ecosystem

LS.1.2.c: In most ecosystems, energy derived from the sun is transferred and transformed into energy that organisms use by the process of photosynthesis in plants and other photosynthetic organisms.

Energy Conversions
Pond Ecosystem

PS: Physical Science

PS.1: This topic focuses on the forces that affect motion. This includes the relationship between the change in speed of an object, the amount of force applied and the mass of the object. Light and sound are explored as forms of energy that move in predictable ways, depending on the matter through which they move.

PS.1.1: The amount of change in movement of an object is based on the mass of the object and the amount of force exerted.

PS.1.1.a: Movement can be measured by speed. The speed of an object is calculated by determining the distance (d) traveled in a period of time (t).

Measuring Motion

PS.1.1.b: Earth pulls down on all objects with a gravitational force. Weight is a measure of the gravitational force between an object and the Earth.

Free Fall Tower
Weight and Mass

PS.1.1.c: Any change in speed or direction of an object requires a force and is affected by the mass of the object and the amount of force applied.

Force and Fan Carts

PS.1.2: Light and sound are forms of energy that behave in predictable ways.

PS.1.2.a: Light travels and maintains its direction until it interacts with an object or moves from one medium to another and then it can be reflected, refracted or absorbed.

Basic Prism
Color Absorption
Heat Absorption

Correlation last revised: 8/29/2016

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.