SC.A: The Nature of Matter

SC.A.1.3: The student understands that all matter has observable, measurable properties.

SC.A.1.3.1: The student identifies various ways in which substances differ (e.g., mass, volume, shape, density, texture, and reaction to temperature and light).

SC.A. knows ways in which substances differ (for example, mass, volume, shape, density, texture, reaction to heat and light).

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Density Laboratory
Mineral Identification
Weight and Mass

SC.A.1.3.2: The student understands the difference between weight and mass.

SC.A. understands that mass is the amount of material in an object.

Weight and Mass

SC.A.1.3.3: The student knows that temperature measures the average energy of motion of the particles that make up the substance.

SC.A. determines the effect of a change in temperature on common materials (for example, butter, food coloring in water, isopropyl alcohol).

Phases of Water

SC.A.1.3.4: The student knows that atoms in solids are close together and do not move around easily; in liquids, atoms tend to move farther apart; in gas, atoms are quite far apart and move around freely.

SC.A. understands that matter may exist as solids, liquids, and gases.

Phases of Water

SC.A.1.3.5: The student knows the difference between a physical change in a substance (i.e., altering the shape, form, volume, or density) and a chemical change (i.e., producing new substances with different characteristics).

SC.A. knows the physical properties of various substances.

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Mineral Identification

SC.A.1.3.6: The student knows that equal volumes of different substances may have different masses.

SC.A. knows that equal volumes of different substances may have different masses.

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Density Laboratory

SC.A. uses the water displacement method to find the volume of common items (for example, rocks, nails, marbles).

Determining Density via Water Displacement
Measuring Volume

SC.A.2.3: The student understands the basic principles of atomic theory.

SC.A.2.3.1: The student describes and compares the properties of particles and waves.

SC.A. knows the properties of waves (frequency, amplitude, wavelength).

Longitudinal Waves
Ripple Tank

SC.A.2.3.2: The student knows the general properties of the atom (a massive nucleus of neutral neutrons and positive protons surrounded by a cloud of negative electrons) and accepts that single atoms are not visible.

SC.A. understands the behavior of charged particles as evidenced by simple static electricity experiments.

Charge Launcher

SC.A. determines the charge of an ion by comparing the number of protons and electrons associated with it.

Element Builder

SC.B: Energy

SC.B.1.3: The student recognizes that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency.

SC.B.1.3.1: The student identifies forms of energy and explains that they can be measured and compared.

SC.B. understands that energy can be converted from one form to another (for example, solar energy to heat energy).

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy Conversions
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

SC.B.1.3.2: The student knows that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but only changed from one form to another.

SC.B. understands that energy can be changed in form.

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy Conversions
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

SC.B. uses examples to demonstrate common energy transformations.

Energy Conversion in a System
Energy Conversions
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects

SC.B.1.3.3: The student knows the various forms in which energy comes to Earth from the sun (e.g., visible light, infrared, and microwave).

SC.B. knows types of radiant energy that come to Earth from the Sun (for example, visible, infrared, ultraviolet).

Herschel Experiment

SC.B. knows the effect of sunlight on photosynthetic pigments.

Photosynthesis Lab

SC.B.2.3: The student understands the interaction of matter and energy.

SC.B.2.3.1: The student knows that most events in the universe (e.g., weather changes, moving cars, and the transfer of a nervous impulse in the human body) involve some form of energy transfer and that these changes almost always increase the total disorder of the s

SC.B. understands that energy moves through systems.

Food Chain

SC.C: Force and Motion

SC.C.1.3: The student understands that types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted.

SC.C.1.3.1: The student knows that the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed.

SC.C. knows ways to measure time intervals.

Elapsed Time

SC.C.2.3: The student understands that the types of force that act on an object and the effect of that force can be described, measured, and predicted.

SC.C.2.3.3: The student knows that if more than one force acts on an object, then the forces can reinforce or cancel each other, depending on their direction and magnitude.

SC.C. recognizes the result of several forces acting on an object.

Free-Fall Laboratory

SC.C.2.3.4: The student knows that simple machines can be used to change the direction or size of a force.

SC.C. knows uses of simple machines.

Ants on a Slant (Inclined Plane)
Wheel and Axle

SC.C.2.3.5: The student understands that an object in motion will continue at a constant speed and in a straight line until acted upon by a force and that an object at rest will remain at rest until acted upon by a force.

SC.C. knows that an object at rest will stay at rest unless acted upon by an outside force.

Force and Fan Carts

SC.C. knows objects in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by an outside force.

Force and Fan Carts

SC.C.2.3.7: The student knows that gravity is a universal force that every mass exerts on every other mass.

SC.C. knows that gravity is a force that causes an object to fall to the ground.

Free Fall Tower
Free-Fall Laboratory

SC.C. knows that gravity causes an object to have weight.

Beam to Moon (Ratios and Proportions)
Weight and Mass

SC.D: Processes that Shape the Earth

SC.D.2.3: The student understands the need for protection of the natural systems on Earth.

SC.D.2.3.2: The student knows the positive and negative consequences of human action on the Earth's systems.

SC.D. knows positive and negative consequences of human action on the Earth's systems (for example, farming, transportation, mining, manufacturing).

Water Pollution

SC.E: Earth and Space

SC.E.1.3: The student understands the interaction and organization in the Solar System and the universe and how this affects life on Earth.

SC.E.1.3.1: The student understands the vast size of our Solar System and the relationship of the planets and their satellites.

SC.E. knows the relationship between tides on Earth and the positions of the Moon, the Sun, and Earth.


SC.E. knows the relative sizes of the planets, Sun, Solar System, galaxy, and universe.

Solar System

SC.E. understands the positions of the Earth, Moon, and Sun during a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse.

2D Eclipse

SC.F: Processes of Life

SC.F.1.3: The student describes patterns of structure and function in living things.

SC.F.1.3.1: The student understands that living things are composed of major systems that function in reproduction, growth, maintenance, and regulation.

SC.F. knows ways systems in an organism function and interact (for example, the muscular system provides the ability to move and is supported by the skeletal system when one is present.

Circulatory System
Digestive System

SC.F.1.3.2: The student knows that the structural basis of most organisms is the cell and most organisms are single cells, while some, including humans, are multicellular.

SC.F. knows the basic processes that occur in cells.

Cell Structure

SC.F.1.3.5: The student explains how the life functions of organisms are related to what occurs within the cell.

SC.F. understands that there are structures with particular functions that are unique to certain types of cells (for example, plant cells have cell walls, animal cells do not).

Cell Structure

SC.F. knows the essential functions in cells.

Cell Structure

SC.F.1.3.6: The student knows that the cells with similar functions have similar structures, whereas those with different structures have different functions.

SC.F. uses or constructs models of plant and animal cells to identify the basic structures of each.

Cell Structure

SC.F. knows the functions of structures in plant and animal cells.

Cell Structure

SC.F.2.3: The student understands the process and importance of genetic diversity.

SC.F.2.3.3: The student knows that generally organisms in a population live long enough to reproduce because they have survival characteristics.

SC.F. knows adaptations that aid in species survival (for example, protective coloration, hibernation, delayed implantation).

Rainfall and Bird Beaks

SC.G: How Living Things Interact with Their Environment

SC.G.1.3: The student understands the competitive, interdependent, cyclic nature of living things in the environment.

SC.G.1.3.4: The student knows that the interactions of organisms with each other and with the nonliving parts of their environments result in the flow of energy and the cycling of matter throughout the system.

SC.G. knows the nonliving (abiotic) and living (biotic) aspects of an ecosystem.

Pond Ecosystem

SC.G. understands that food chains show specific trophic relationships and food webs are used to illustrate interrelationships of trophic levels.

Food Chain
Forest Ecosystem
Prairie Ecosystem

SC.G.2.3: The student understands the consequences of using limited natural resources.

SC.G.2.3.1: The student knows that some resources are renewable and others are nonrenewable.

SC.G. knows renewable and nonrenewable energy sources.

Energy Conversions

SC.G.2.3.2: The student knows that all biotic and abiotic factors are interrelated and that if one factor is changed or removed, it impacts the availability of other resources within the system.

SC.G. distinguishes between biotic and abiotic factors in the environment.

Pond Ecosystem

SC.G.2.3.3: The student knows that a brief change in the limited resources of an ecosystem may alter the size of a population or the average size of individual organisms and that long-term change may result in the elimination of animal and plant populations inhabitin

SC.G. understands that changes in the environment may influence the size, number, or diversity of organisms in an area.

Rabbit Population by Season

Correlation last revised: 6/25/2014

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.