SC.A: The Nature of Matter

SC.A.1.4: The student understands that all matter has observable, measurable properties.

SC.A.1.4.1: knows that the electron configuration in atoms determines how a substance reacts and how much energy is involved in its reactions.

Electron Configuration

SC.A.1.4.3: knows that a change from one phase of matter to another involves a gain or loss of energy.

Phase Changes

SC.A.1.4.4: experiments and determines that the rates of reaction among atoms and molecules depend on the concentration, pressure, and temperature of the reactants and the presence or absence of catalysts.

Collision Theory

SC.A.1.4.5: knows that connections (bonds) form between substances when outer-shell electrons are either transferred or shared between their atoms, changing the properties of substances.

Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds

SC.A.2.4: The student understands the basic principles of atomic theory.

SC.A.2.4.3: knows that a number of elements have heavier, unstable nuclei that decay, spontaneously giving off smaller particles and waves that result in a small loss of mass and release a large amount of energy.

Nuclear Decay

SC.A.2.4.5: knows that elements are arranged into groups and families based on similarities in electron structure and that their physical and chemical properties can be predicted.

Electron Configuration
Ionic Bonds

SC.B: Energy

SC.B.1.4: The student recognizes that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency.

SC.B.1.4.3: knows that temperature is a measure of the average translational kinetic energy of motion of the molecules in an object.

Temperature and Particle Motion

SC.B.1.4.7: knows that the total amount of usable energy always decreases, even though the total amount of energy is conserved in any transfer.

Air Track
Energy Conversion in a System
Energy of a Pendulum
Inclined Plane - Sliding Objects
Roller Coaster Physics

SC.C: Force and Motion

SC.C.1.4: The student understands that types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted.

SC.C.1.4.2: knows that any change in velocity is an acceleration.

Free-Fall Laboratory
Golf Range
Shoot the Monkey

SC.C.2.4: The student understands that the types of force that act on an object and the effect of that force can be described, measured, and predicted.

SC.C.2.4.2: knows that electrical forces exist between any two charged objects.

Coulomb Force (Static)
Pith Ball Lab

SC.C.2.4.3: describes how magnetic force and electrical force are two aspects of a single force.

Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetic Induction

SC.C.2.4.6: explains that all forces come in pairs commonly called action and reaction.

Fan Cart Physics

SC.D: Processes that Shape the Earth

SC.D.1.4: The student recognizes that processes in the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere interact to shape the Earth.

SC.D.1.4.1: knows how climatic patterns on Earth result from an interplay of many factors (Earth’s topography, its rotation on its axis, solar radiation, the transfer of heat energy where the atmosphere interfaces with lands and oceans, and wind and ocean currents).

Coastal Winds and Clouds
Seasons Around the World
Seasons: Why do we have them?

SC.D.1.4.2: knows that the solid crust of Earth consists of slow- moving, separate plates that float on a denser, molten layer of Earth and that these plates interact with each other, changing the Earth’s surface in many ways (e.g., forming mountain ranges and rift valleys, causing earthquake and volcanic activity, and forming undersea mountains that can become ocean islands).

Plate Tectonics

SC.E: Earth and Space

SC.E.1.4: The student understands the interaction and organization in the Solar System and the universe and how this affects life on Earth.

SC.E.1.4.1: understands the relationships between events on Earth and the movements of the Earth, its moon, the other planets, and the sun.

3D Eclipse
Moonrise, Moonset, and Phases
Phases of the Moon

SC.E.2.4: The student recognizes the vastness of the universe and the Earth's place in it.

SC.E.2.4.1: knows that the stages in the development of three categories of stars are based on mass: stars that have the approximate mass of our sun, stars that are two-to-three-stellar masses and develop into neutron stars, and stars that are five-to-six-stellar masses and develop into black holes.

H-R Diagram

SC.F: Processes of Life

SC.F.1.4: The student describes patterns of structure and function in living things.

SC.F.1.4.7: knows that organisms respond to internal and external stimuli.

Paramecium Homeostasis

SC.F.2.4: The student understands the process and importance of genetic diversity.

SC.F.2.4.1: understands the mechanisms of asexual and sexual reproduction and knows the different genetic advantages and disadvantages of asexual and sexual reproduction.

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

SC.F.2.4.2: knows that every cell contains a “blueprint” coded in DNA molecules that specify how proteins are assembled to regulate cells.

RNA and Protein Synthesis

SC.F.2.4.3: understands the mechanisms of change (e.g., mutation and natural selection) that lead to adaptations in a species and their ability to survive naturally in changing conditions and to increase species diversity.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Rainfall and Bird Beaks

SC.G: How Living Things Interact with Their Environment

SC.G.1.4: The student understands the competitive, interdependent, cyclic nature of living things in the environment.

SC.G.1.4.2: understands how the flow of energy through an ecosystem made up of producers, consumers, and decomposers carries out the processes of life and that some energy dissipates as heat and is not recycled.

Food Chain

SC.G.2.4: The student understands the consequences of using limited natural resources.

SC.G.2.4.3: understands how genetic variation of offspring contributes to population control in an environment and that natural selection ensures that those who are best adapted to their surroundings survive to reproduce.

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Evolution: Natural and Artificial Selection
Rainfall and Bird Beaks

SC.G.2.4.4: knows that the world ecosystems are shaped by physical factors that limit their productivity.

Food Chain
Rabbit Population by Season

Correlation last revised: 6/25/2014

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.