### 1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the relationship of force and motion in one and two dimensions.

1.P.4: The student knows and applies the laws governing motion in a variety of situations.

1.P.4.B: describe and analyze motion in one dimension using equations with the concepts of distance, displacement, speed, average velocity, instantaneous velocity, and acceleration;

1.P.4.C: analyze and describe accelerated motion in two dimensions using equations, including projectile and circular examples;

1.P.4.D: calculate the effect of forces on objects, including the law of inertia, the relationship between force and acceleration, and the nature of force pairs between objects;

### 2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of gravitational, electrical, magnetic, and nuclear forces.

2.P.5: The student knows the nature of forces in the physical world.

2.P.5.B: describe and calculate how the magnitude of the gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance between their centers;

2.P.5.C: describe and calculate how the magnitude of the electrical force between two objects depends on their charges and the distance between them;

2.P.5.E: characterize materials as conductors or insulators based on their electrical properties;

2.P.5.F: design, construct, and calculate in terms of current through, potential difference across, resistance of, and power used by electric circuit elements connected in both series and parallel combinations;

2.P.5.G: investigate and describe the relationship between electric and magnetic fields in applications such as generators, motors, and transformers; and

### 3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of momentum and energy.

3.P.6: The student knows that changes occur within a physical system and applies the laws of conservation of energy and momentum.

3.P.6.A: investigate and calculate quantities using the work-energy theorem in various situations;

3.P.6.B: investigate examples of kinetic and potential energy and their transformations;

3.P.6.C: calculate the mechanical energy of, power generated within, impulse applied to, and momentum of a physical system;

3.P.6.D: demonstrate and apply the laws of conservation of energy and conservation of momentum in one dimension;

3.P.6.F: contrast and give examples of different processes of thermal energy transfer, including conduction, convection, and radiation; and

3.P.6.G: analyze and explain everyday examples that illustrate the laws of thermodynamics, including the law of conservation of energy and the law of entropy.

### 4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of waves and quantum phenomena.

4.P.7: The student knows the characteristics and behavior of waves.

4.P.7.A: examine and describe oscillatory motion and wave propagation in various types of media;

4.P.7.B: investigate and analyze characteristics of waves, including velocity, frequency, amplitude, and wavelength, and calculate using the relationship between wavespeed, frequency, and wavelength;

4.P.7.C: compare characteristics and behaviors of transverse waves, including electromagnetic waves and the electromagnetic spectrum, and characteristics and behaviors of longitudinal waves, including sound waves;

4.P.7.D: investigate behaviors of waves, including reflection, refraction, diffraction, interference, resonance, and the Doppler effect;

4.P.7.E: describe and predict image formation as a consequence of reflection from a plane mirror and refraction through a thin convex lens; and

4.P.8: The student knows simple examples of atomic, nuclear, and quantum phenomena.

4.P.8.A: describe the photoelectric effect and the dual nature of light;

4.P.8.B: compare and explain the emission spectra produced by various atoms;

### 5: These skills will not be listed under a separate reporting category. Instead, they will be incorporated into at least 40% of the test questions from reporting categories 1?4 and will be identified along with content standards.

5.P.2: The student uses a systematic approach to answer scientific laboratory and field investigative questions.

5.P.2.B: know that scientific hypotheses are tentative and testable statements that must be capable of being supported or not supported by observational evidence. Hypotheses of durable explanatory power which have been tested over a wide variety of conditions are incorporated into theories;

5.P.2.E: design and implement investigative procedures, including making observations, asking well-defined questions, formulating testable hypotheses, identifying variables, selecting appropriate equipment and technology, and evaluating numerical answers for reasonableness;

5.P.2.F: demonstrate the use of course apparatus, equipment, techniques, and procedures, including multimeters (current, voltage, resistance), triple beam balances, batteries, clamps, dynamics demonstration equipment, collision apparatus, data acquisition probes, discharge tubes with power supply (H, He, Ne, Ar), hand-held visual spectroscopes, hot plates, slotted and hooked lab masses, bar magnets, horseshoe magnets, plane mirrors, convex lenses, pendulum support, power supply, ring clamps, ring stands, stopwatches, trajectory apparatus, tuning forks, carbon paper, graph paper, magnetic compasses, polarized film, prisms, protractors, resistors, friction blocks, mini lamps (bulbs) and sockets, electrostatics kits, 90-degree rod clamps, metric rulers, spring scales, knife blade switches, Celsius thermometers, meter sticks, scientific calculators, graphing technology, computers, cathode ray tubes with horseshoe magnets, ballistic carts or equivalent, resonance tubes, spools of nylon thread or string, containers of iron filings, rolls of white craft paper, copper wire, Periodic Table, electromagnetic spectrum charts, slinky springs, wave motion ropes, and laser pointers;

5.P.2.J: organize and evaluate data and make inferences from data, including the use of tables, charts, and graphs;

5.P.3: The student uses critical thinking, scientific reasoning, and problem solving to make informed decisions within and outside the classroom.

5.P.3.D: explain the impacts of the scientific contributions of a variety of historical and contemporary scientists on scientific thought and society;

Correlation last revised: 6/25/2014

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.