12: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.

12.A: Know and apply concepts that explain how living things function, adapt and change.

12.A.3a: Explain how cells function as "building blocks" of organisms and describe the requirements for cells to live.

Paramecium Homeostasis

12.A.3b: Compare characteristics of organisms produced from a single parent with those of organisms produced by two parents.


12.A.3c: Compare and contrast how different forms and structures reflect different functions (e.g., similarities and differences among animals that fly, walk or swim; structures of plant cells and animal cells).

Cell Structure
Dichotomous Keys

12.B: Know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment.

12.B.3a: Identify and classify biotic and abiotic factors in an environment that affect population density, habitat and placement of organisms in an energy pyramid.

Coral Reefs 1 - Abiotic Factors
Food Chain
Pond Ecosystem
Rabbit Population by Season

12.B.3b: Compare and assess features of organisms for their adaptive, competitive and survival potential (e.g., appendages, reproductive rates, camouflage, defensive structures).

Evolution: Mutation and Selection
Natural Selection

12.C: Know and apply concepts that describe properties of matter and energy and the interactions between them.

12.C.3a: Explain interactions of energy with matter including changes of state and conservation of mass and energy.

Phase Changes
Phases of Water

12.D: Know and apply concepts that describe force and motion and the principles that explain them.

12.D.3a: Explain and demonstrate how forces affect motion (e.g., action/reaction, equilibrium conditions, free-falling objects).

Fan Cart Physics
Force and Fan Carts
Free-Fall Laboratory

12.D.3b: Explain the factors that affect the gravitational forces on objects (e.g., changes in mass, distance).

Free-Fall Laboratory

12.E: Know and apply concepts that describe the features and processes of the Earth and its resources.

12.E.3a: Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that affect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems (e.g., jetstream, hurricanes, plate tectonics).

Plate Tectonics

12.E.3b: Describe interactions between solid earth, oceans, atmosphere and organisms that have resulted in ongoing changes of Earth (e.g., erosion, El Nino).

Carbon Cycle

12.F: Know and apply concepts that explain the composition and structure of the universe and Earth's place in it.

12.F.3b: Describe the organization and physical characteristics of the solar system (e.g., sun, planets, satellites, asteroids, comets).

Comparing Earth and Venus
Solar System
Solar System Explorer

Correlation last revised: 5/10/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.