ES: Earth and Space Science I

ES.1: Science Students investigate, through laboratory and fieldwork, the universe, Earth, and the processes that shape Earth. They understand that Earth operates as a collection of interconnected systems that may be changing or may be in equilibrium. Students connect the concepts of energy, matter, conservation, and gravitation to Earth, the solar system, and the universe. Students utilize knowledge of the materials and processes of Earth, planets, and stars in the context of the scales of time and size.

ES.1.2: Differentiate between the different types of stars found on the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram. Compare and contrast the evolution of stars of different masses. Understand and discuss the basics of the fusion processes that are the source of energy of stars.

H-R Diagram

ES.1.3: Compare and contrast the differences in size, temperature, and age between our sun and other stars.

H-R Diagram

ES.1.7: Describe the characteristics and motions of the various kinds of objects in our solar system, including planets, satellites, comets, and asteroids. Explain that Kepler's laws determine the orbits of the planets.

Orbital Motion - Kepler's Laws
Phases of the Moon
Star Spectra

ES.1.12: Describe the role of photosynthetic plants in changing Earth's atmosphere.

Photosynthesis Lab

ES.1.16: Investigate the causes of severe weather, and propose appropriate safety measures that can be taken in the event of severe weather.

Hurricane Motion

ES.1.18: Demonstrate the possible effects of atmospheric changes brought on by things such as acid rain, smoke, volcanic dust, greenhouse gases, and ozone depletion.

Greenhouse Effect

ES.1.19: Identify and discuss the effects of gravity on the waters of Earth. Include both the flow of streams and the movement of tides.


ES.1.23: Explain motions, transformations, and locations of materials in Earth's lithosphere and interior. For example, describe the movement of the plates that make up the crust of the earth and the resulting formation of earthquakes, volcanoes, trenches, and mountains.

Plate Tectonics

ES.1.24: Understand and discuss continental drift, sea-floor spreading, and plate tectonics. Include evidence that supports the movement of the plates, such as magnetic stripes on the ocean floor, fossil evidence on separate continents, and the continuity of geological features.

Plate Tectonics

Correlation last revised: 1/20/2017

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.