SC.5.STM: Structure and Transformation of Matter (Physical Science)

SC.5.STM.U: Enduring Knowledge ? Understandings

SC.5.STM.U.1: a substance has its own set of properties which allows it to be distinguished from other substances.

Mineral Identification

SC.5.STM.U.2: the physical properties of a substance do not change regardless of how much or how little of the substance there is.

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice

SC.5.STM.U.5: results of investigations are seldom exactly the same, but if the results vary widely, then it is necessary to figure out why they differ.

Pendulum Clock

SC.5.STM.S: Skills and Concepts

SC.5.STM.S.1: use appropriate tools (e.g., balance, thermometer, graduated cylinder) and observations to describe physical properties of substances (e.g., boiling point, solubility, density) and to classify materials

Density Experiment: Slice and Dice
Mineral Identification
Weight and Mass

SC.5.STM.S.2: work individually and with others to design and conduct fair tests to safely investigate properties of matter, such as boiling point, density and solubility


SC.5.STM.S.3: keep accurate records of investigations (procedures, data) in order to support or dispute conclusions

Pendulum Clock

SC.5.MF: Motion and Forces (Physical Science)

SC.5.MF.U: Enduring Knowledge ? Understandings

SC.5.MF.U.1: predictions and/or inferences about the direction or speed of an object can be made by interpreting graphs, charts or descriptions of the object?s motion.

Graphing Skills

SC.5.MF.U.3: forces are pushes and pulls that may be invisible (e.g., gravity, magnetism) or visible (e.g., friction, collisions).

Force and Fan Carts

SC.5.MF.U.4: some comparisons may not be ?fair? because some conditions (e.g. mass, force, speed, friction) might not be the same.

Pendulum Clock

SC.5.MF.S: Skills and Concepts

SC.5.MF.S.1: use observations and appropriate tools (e.g., timer, meter stick, balance, spring scale) to explore the relationship between force and mass

Weight and Mass

SC.5.MF.S.2: create and interpret graphical representations in order to make inferences and draw conclusions about the motion of an object

Distance-Time Graphs

SC.5.MF.S.4: predict and support with evidence/justification, changes in the motion of an object related to its mass or the amount of force acting on it

Force and Fan Carts

SC.5.EU: The Earth and the Universe (Earth/Space Science)

SC.5.EU.U: Enduring Knowledge ? Understandings

SC.5.EU.U.1: the Earth?s water supply has existed since the formation of the planet and is constantly cycled from the ocean to the atmosphere, allowing the same water to be endlessly reused without the creation of new water.

Water Cycle

SC.5.EU.U.5: observations, models and diagrams of the solar system illustrate the position and relationship of the Earth, sun and moon within the larger system of planets and other celestial bodies. Even though they are all parts of the same system, a comparison of their properties reveals great differences among celestial bodies.

Phases of the Moon
Solar System

SC.5.EU.S: Skills and Concepts

SC.5.EU.S.1: investigate how water can change forms yet still be conserved in the water cycle

Phases of Water
Water Cycle

SC.5.EU.S.2: create/analyze/explain representations that illustrate the circulation of water (evaporation and condensation) from the surface of the Earth, through the crust, oceans and atmosphere (water cycle)

Water Cycle

SC.5.EU.S.8: explain why scale models are important tools for understanding a number of phenomena (e.g., solar system, watersheds, earth?s atmosphere) but are not always easy to construct or require trade-offs in other aspects of the model (e.g. distance vs. size)

Solar System

SC.5.UD: Unity and Diversity (Biological Science)

SC.5.UD.S: Skills and Concepts

SC.5.UD.S.1: use observations and models to describe and compare internal and external structures of plants and animals and their corresponding functions

Flower Pollination

SC.5.BC: Biological Change (Biological Science)

SC.5.BC.U: Enduring Knowledge ? Understandings

SC.5.BC.U.4: scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis and doing experiments. The question being investigated determines the form of the investigation used.

Effect of Environment on New Life Form
Pendulum Clock
Seed Germination

SC.5.BC.S: Skills and Concepts

SC.5.BC.S.3: Investigate ways that organisms cope with fluctuations (e.g. temperature, precipitation, change in food sources) in their environments


SC.5.ET: Energy Transformations (Unifying Concepts)

SC.5.ET.U: Enduring Knowledge ? Understandings

SC.5.ET.U.1: energy can have many different forms and be contained in many different substances. Evidence of energy transfer may be observed in a wide variety of systems.

Energy Conversions

SC.5.ET.S: Skills and Concepts

SC.5.ET.S.4: design and conduct investigations/experiments to identify predictable patterns of interaction between light and matter (e.g. some materials are more reflective, different liquids refract differently, effects of multiple or differing light sources)

Ripple Tank

SC.5.I: Interdependence (Unifying Concepts)

SC.5.I.U: Enduring Knowledge ? Understandings

SC.5.I.U.3: matter and energy flow along multiple paths within a community. Complex models depicting this interdependence make these relationships easier to visualize and comprehend.

Carbon Cycle

SC.5.I.S: Skills and Concepts

SC.5.I.S.2: identify the role/function a population of organisms has in a particular community/ecosystem (e.g., producers, consumers, decomposers)

Forest Ecosystem
Plants and Snails

SC.5.I.S.3: explore the cause/effect relationship of altering a particular population of organisms within an ecosystem using data/evidence collected through research and/or simulations (e.g., role-play games, computer-based simulations)

Rabbit Population by Season

Correlation last revised: 5/11/2018

This correlation lists the recommended Gizmos for this state's curriculum standards. Click any Gizmo title below for more information.